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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Could the Less-Than Subtotal Parathyroidectomy Be an Option for Treating Young Patients With Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1-Related Hyperparathyroidism?

Texto completo
Autor(es):
de Menezes Montenegro, Fabio Luiz [1] ; Guimaraes Brescia, Manilla D'Elboux [1] ; Lourenco Jr, Delmar Muniz ; Arap, Sergio Samir [1] ; d'Alessandro, Andre Fernandes [1] ; e Silva Filho, Gilberto de Britto [1] ; de Almeida Toledo, Sergio Pereira [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Cirurgia Cabeca & Pescoco Head & Neck Surg, Parathyroid Unit LIM 28, Hosp Clin HCFMUSR, Dept Surg, Sch Med, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Lourenco Jr, Jr., Delmar Muniz, Univ Sao Paulo, Endocrine Genet Unit LIM 25, Endocrinol Div, Hosp Clin, Sch Med, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY; v. 10, MAR 7 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Background: The surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) has evolved due the concern of permanent hypoparathyroidism. As the diagnosis has increased, the extent of operation has decreased. Most MEN1 patients requiring parathyroidectomy are younger than 50 years and they pose a difficult balance to achieve between persistent HPT and life-long hypoparathyroidism. The aim of the present study is to review our experience with a large series of patients with MEN1-related HPT (HPT/MEN1) treated at a single institution in order to find clues to a better treatment decision in these younger cases. Method: Retrospective analysis of consecutive HPT/MEN1 cases treated at a single institution with different operations: total parathyroidectomy and immediate forearm autograft (TPTX-AG), subtotal (STPTX), unintentional less than subtotal (U-LSTPTX) and intentional less than subtotal parathyroidectomy (I-LSTPTX). Results: Considering 84 initial cases operated on since 2011 (TPTX-AG, 39; STPTX, 22, U-LSTPTX, 13, and I-LSTPTX, 10), the rates of hypoparathyroidism were 30.8% (U-LSTPTX), 28.2% (TPTX-AG), 13.6% (STPTX), and 0% (I-LSTPTX). Two-thirds of them (68%; 57/84) were young (< 50 years) or asdolescents. MIBI scan was more sensitive to show parathyroid glands and bilateral disease. Considering the concordance of MIBI and ultrasound for the possibility of unilateral clearance, it would be suitable to 22.6% of the cases. Intra-operative parathormone showed a significant decay even after unilateral exploration, but longer follow up is necessary. Overall, there were seven (4%) adolescents in 161 cases treated from 1987 to 2018, three underwent TPTX-AG and four had U-LSTPTX. Five are euparathyroid, one had mild recurrence, and one required a reoperation after 8 years due to the residual gland. Conclusions: Young patients are the most frequent candidates to parathyroidectomy. Less extensive procedures may be planned only if carefully reviewed preoperative imaging studies suggest a localized disease. Patients and their relatives should be fully informed of the risks and benefits during consent process. Future research with larger cohorts and long-term results are necessary to clarify if less than I-LSPTX or unilateral clearance are really adequate in selected groups of patients with HPT/MEN1 presenting lower volume of disease detected by preoperative imaging studies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/07504-2 - Avaliação de painéis gênicos baseados em sequenciamento de nova geração aplicados ao diagnóstico diferencial de neoplasia endócrina tipo 1 e na análise de correlações genótipo-fenótipo
Beneficiário:Delmar Muniz Lourenço Jr
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/25444-4 - Visita do prof. Dr. Stephen J. Marx ao Brasil colaborando com projetos de pesquisa translacionais em neoplasias endócrinas hereditárias: uma interação científica entre a Universidade de São Paulo (USP) e o National Institute of Health (NIH)
Beneficiário:Delmar Muniz Lourenço Jr
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional
Processo FAPESP: 16/25594-9 - Impacto das alterações histológicas, moleculares e genéticas no tratamento cirúrgico e na evolução clínica do paciente com hiperparatireoidismo primário relacionado à neoplasia endócrina múltipla do tipo 1
Beneficiário:Fábio Luiz de Menezes Montenegro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular