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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Characterization of Casearin X Metabolism by Rat and Human Liver Microsomes

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Autor(es):
da Silva, Rodrigo Moreira [1, 2] ; de Gaitani, Cristiane Masetto [1] ; Mauriz Marques, Lucas Maciel [2] ; Baraco, Karina Fraige [3] ; Cavalheiro, Alberto Jose [3] ; Beraldo de Moraes, Luiz Alberto [4] ; Lopes, Norberto Peporine [2] ; Moraes de Oliveira, Anderson Rodrigo [4]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Ciencias Farmaceut, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Fis & Quim, NPPNS, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estado Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Quim Organ, Nucleo Bioensaios Biossintese & Ecofisiol Prod Na, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Dept Quim, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Planta Medica; v. 85, n. 4, p. 282-291, MAR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Casearin X (CAS X) is the major clerodane diterpene isolated from the leaves of Casearia sylvestris and has been extensively studied due to its powerful cytotoxic activity at low concentrations. Promising results for in vivo antitumor action have also been described when CAS X was administered intraperitoneally in mice. Conversely, loss of activity was observed when orally administered. Since the advancement of natural products as drug candidates requires satisfactory bioavailability for their pharmacological effect, this work aimed to characterize the CAS X metabolism by employing an in vitro microsomal model for the prediction of preclinical pharmacokinetic data. Rat and human liver microsomes were used to assess species differences. A high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection (HPLC-DAD) method for the quantification of CAS X in microsomes was developed and validated according to European Medicines Agency guidelines. CAS X was demonstrated to be a substrate for carboxylesterases via hydrolysis reaction, with a Michaelis-Menten kinetic profile. The enzyme kinetic parameters were determined, and the intrinsic clearance was 1.7-fold higher in humans than in rats. The hepatic clearance was estimated by in vitro - in vivo extrapolation, resulting in more than 90% of the hepatic blood flow for both species. A qualitative study was also carried out for the metabolite identification by mass spectrometry and indicated the formation of the inactive metabolite CAS X dialdehyde. These findings demonstrate that CAS X is susceptible to first-pass metabolism and is a substrate for specific carboxylesterases expressed in liver, which may contribute to a reduction in antitumor activity when administered by the oral route. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/03446-7 - Estudos de metabolismo in vitro do diterpeno clerodânico antitumoral casearina X
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Moreira da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/06366-5 - Estudos de biodisponibilidade de xenobióticos naturais e sintéticos em modelos in vitro
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Moreira da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/07597-0 - Desenvolvimento de métodos cromatográficos/eletroforéticos para posterior aplicação em estudos in vitro de inibição enzimática e interações medicamentosas de pesticidas quirais
Beneficiário:Anderson Rodrigo Moraes de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular