Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A computational model to predict the population dynamics of Spodoptera frugiperda

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Garcia, Adriano G. [1] ; Ferreira, Claudia P. [2] ; Godoy, Wesley A. C. [1] ; Meagher, Robert L. [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Entomol & Acarol, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Biostat, Inst Biosci, BR-18618689 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] ARS, USDA, Ctr Med Agr & Vet Entomol, Gainesville, FL 32608 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE; v. 92, n. 2, p. 429-441, MAR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Among lepidopteran insects, the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, deserves special attention because of its agricultural importance. Different computational approaches have been proposed to clarify the dynamics of fall armyworm populations, but most of them have not been tested in the field and do not include one of the most important variables that influence insect development: the temperature. In this study, we developed a computational model that is able to represent the spatio-temporal dynamics of fall armyworms in agricultural landscapes composed of Bt and non-Bt areas, allowing the user to define different input variables, such as the crop area, thermal requirements of S. frugiperda, migration rate, rate of larval movement, and insect resistance to transgenic crops. In order to determine the efficiency of the proposed model, we fitted it using a 4-year (2012-2015) FAW monitoring data for an area located in northern Florida, USA. Simulations were run to predict the number of adults in 2016 and examine possible scenarios involving climate change. The model satisfactorily described the main outbreaks of fall armyworms, estimating values for parameters associated with insect dynamics, i.e., resistance-allele frequency (0.15), migration rate (0.48) and rate of larval movement (0.04). A posterior sensitivity analysis indicated that the frequency of the resistance allele most influenced the model, followed by the migration rate. Our simulations indicated that an increase of 1 degrees C in weekly mean temperatures could almost double the levels of fall armyworm populations, drawing attention to the possible consequences of temperature rises for pest dynamics. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/16609-7 - Abordagem multi e interdisciplinar para compreender padrões espaço-temporais de insetos praga e delinear paisagens para manejo sustentável de pragas em sistemas agrícolas tropicais
Beneficiário:Wesley Augusto Conde Godoy
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/00831-8 - Predição da distribuição espaço-temporal de populações de Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) em paisagens agrícolas da Flórida (EUA)
Beneficiário:Adriano Gomes Garcia
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado