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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Determination of cosmic-ray primary mass on an event-by-event basis using radio detection

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Autor(es):
Carvalho, Jr., Washington R. [1] ; Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime [2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Rua Matao 1371, Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Dept Fis Particulas, Santiago De Compostela 15782 - Spain
[3] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Inst Galego Fis Altas Enerxias, Santiago De Compostela 15782 - Spain
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astroparticle Physics; v. 109, p. 41-49, MAY 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

We present a new methodology to discriminate between light and heavy ultra-high energy cosmic-ray primaries on an event-by-event basis using information from the radio detection of extensive air showers at MHz frequencies. Similarly to other methods to determine primary cosmic ray composition, the one presented here is based on comparisons between detected radio signals and Monte Carlo simulations for multiple primary cosmic ray compositions. Unlike other methods that first reconstruct the depth of maximum shower development X-max to relate it to the nature of the primaries, we instead infer the cosmic-ray composition directly. The method is most effective in the case of inclined showers that arrive at large zenith angles with respect to the vertical to the ground, where methods based on the determination of X-max lose accuracy. We show that a discrimination efficiency between 65% and 80% can be reached for zenith angles theta greater than or similar to 60 degrees, even when typical uncertainties in radio detection are taken into account, including shower energy uncertainty. Our methodology could in principle be applied in large and sparse radio arrays, designed with the large radio footprint of inclined showers in mind, to significantly increase the statistics of ultra-high energy cosmic-ray composition studies. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/15735-1 - Investigação da composição dos raios cósmicos de ultra alta energia utilizando a técnica de detecção por rádio
Beneficiário:Washington Rodrigues de Carvalho Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/18876-3 - Otimização do array de rádio OVRO-LWA para a detecção de raios cósmicos
Beneficiário:Washington Rodrigues de Carvalho Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado