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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Habituation of the cardiovascular responses to restraint stress in male rats: influence of length, frequency and number of aversive sessions

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Autor(es):
Benini, Ricardo [1, 2] ; Oliveira, Leandro A. [1, 2] ; Gomes-de-Souza, Lucas [1, 2] ; Crestani, Carlos C. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Joint UFSCar UNESP Grad Program Physiol Sci, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Lab Pharmacol, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: STRESS-THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON THE BIOLOGY OF STRESS; v. 22, n. 1, p. 151-161, JAN 2 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Habituation of cardiovascular responses upon repeated exposure to stress is controversial. Hence, we hypothesized that habituation of cardiovascular stress responses is influenced by length, frequency, and number of stress sessions in male Wistar rats. Blood pressure and heart rate were recorded via femoral artery catheterization and the tail cutaneous temperature was evaluated using a thermal imager. We observed a faster return of heart rate to baseline values during the post-stress period of the 10th daily session in rats subjected to either 60 (n = 8) or 120 min (n = 7), but not 30 min (n = 7), of restraint. Daily sessions of 120 min also decreased blood pressure during the recovery of the 10th session. The faster return of heart rate to baseline values during the post-stress period at the 10th session in rats exposed to daily 60 min sessions (n = 9) was not identified at the 5th (n = 9) and 20th (n = 9) sessions. Regarding frequency, the tachycardia during the 10th session was enhanced in rats subjected to 60 min of restraint presented every other day (n = 9) and decreased in rats subjected to a protocol of five daily sessions followed by two resting days (n = 9). Thirty-minute sessions of restraint presented twice a day (n = 9) and a protocol of three daily sessions followed by a resting day (n = 9) did not affect the restraint-evoked cardiovascular responses at the 10th session. These results provide evidence of habituation of the cardiovascular responses upon repeated exposure to restraint stress, which is dependent on length, frequency, and number of trials. Lay summary Cardiovascular responses decrease upon repeated exposure to restraint stress. The decrease in cardiovascular stress responses is observed as a faster return to basal values during the post-stress period. The cardiovascular stress response decrease (habituation to stress) is dependent on the length, frequency, and number of stress sessions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/05922-9 - Estudo da participação da neurotransmissão CRFérgica do núcleo leito da estria terminal nas alterações cardiovasculares induzidas pelo estresse: interação com a via de sinalização receptor NMDA / óxido nítrico/guanilato ciclase / proteína quinase g?
Beneficiário:Carlos Cesar Crestani
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/19249-0 - Envolvimento de neurotransmissões angiotensinérgicas do núcleo medial da amígdala no controle das respostas cardiovasculares e ansiogênica ao estresse em ratos
Beneficiário:Carlos Cesar Crestani
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular