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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Spatiotemporal dynamics of conspecific movement explain a solitary carnivore's space use

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Autor(es):
Kanda, C. Z. [1] ; Oliveira-Santos, L. G. R. [2] ; Morato, R. G. [3] ; de Paula, R. C. [3] ; Rampim, L. E. [4] ; Sartorello, L. [4] ; Haberfeld, M. [4] ; Galetti, M. [1] ; Cezar Ribeiro, M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ecol, Programa Posgrad Ecol & Biodiversidade, Rio Claro - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Mato Grosso do Sul, Dept Ecol, Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
[3] Inst Chico Mendes Conservacao Biodiversidade, Ctr Nacl Pesquisa & Conservacao Mamiferos Carnivo, Atibaia - Brazil
[4] Projeto Oncafari, Miranda - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY; v. 308, n. 1, p. 66-74, MAY 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Patterns of space use by an individual emerge as a result of their movements, and their decisions of when and where to move are related to the distribution of resources needed for their survival and reproduction. Solitary species are characterized by limited social interaction with conspecifics, moving independently or maintaining a spatiotemporal avoidance of them, except during courtship or parental care. The present study aimed to analyze the effect of various factors on space use by jaguars (Panthera onca) in the Pantanal of Brazil. We used step selection functions (SSF) to evaluate the effect of the tendency to return to the home-range center (HRC), habitat, time of day and distance to conspecifics on jaguars' space use. Five jaguars with partially overlapping home ranges were simultaneously monitored using global positioning system collars. The results indicate that the main factors guiding individual movement are the spatiotemporal movements of conspecifics, differences in HRC between sexes, and the variations in habitat type throughout the day. Tracked females presented strong HRC, limiting their movements to the vicinity of their HRC, while the single tracked male did not. The habitat varies throughout the day, according to daily activities; forest and water bodies were selected all day long, but especially at night, when the species is more active and hunting. Tracked male and females selected areas that maximized the likelihood of encountering a female, but females avoided areas with a likelihood of encountering the single tracked male. Our findings allowed us to propose the solitary species' space use, highlighting the relevance of including conspecifics as factors in the selection or avoidance of determined areas. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50421-2 - Novos métodos de amostragem e ferramentas estatísticas para pesquisa em biodiversidade: integrando ecologia de movimento com ecologia de população e comunidade
Beneficiário:Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/11595-3 - Influência da estrutura da paisagem nos padrões de movimento e na densidade populacional do Cachorro-do-Mato (Cerdocyon thous)
Beneficiário:Claudia Zukeran Kanda
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado