Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Advances in Conducting, Biodegradable and Biocompatible Copolymers for Biomedical Applications

Texto completo
Autor(es):
da Silva Susana, Arua C. [1] ; Cordoba de Torresi, I. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN MATERIALS; v. 6, MAY 8 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Electroactive biomaterials are a new generation of ``smart{''} biomaterials based on intrinsically conducting polymers (ICP). Among them, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), polypyrrole (PPy) and polyaniline (PANI) are well known conducting polymers that present excellent electrical and optical properties emerging as main candidates for potential biomedical applications. Additionally, the biodegradability of biomaterials is very useful and desirable. In this context, biodegradable polymers based on polyesters, such as poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA), polycaprolactone (PCL), and poly(glycolic acid) (PGA) appear to be promising candidates because of their good biocompatibility and, as a consequence, they have been attracting attention as sustainable alternatives for applications in medicine. Weak molecular interaction with cells, biocompatibility, biodegradability, mechanics and topography are some of the main challenges for the use of conducting polymers as biomaterials. In order to improve their own biocompatibility, the main strategies are whether by doping with specific counter ions (biodopants) or chemically modifying the monomers with different molecules. Although conventional ICPs still present low or none biodegradability, there are relatively few examples of biodegradable electroactive polymers in the literature. Recently, novel approaches have been applied to solve the problem of lack of biodegradability of conducting polymers, mainly through (1) synthesis of a modified electroactive oligomers connected via degradable ester linkages creating block copolymers and (2) synthesis of modified electroactive and biodegradable macromonomers based on polyesters used in a second step copolymerization with conductive monomers. This mini-review focuses on developing trends, challenges and summarizes the recent advances on synthesis of conducting, biodegradable and biocompatible copolymers in terms of optimizing the chemical properties to improved response toward different cells, aiming biomedical applications. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/09353-6 - Biomateriais baseados em polímeros condutores biodegradáveis e biocompatíveis
Beneficiário:Aruã Clayton da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 18/13492-2 - Arcabouços sintéticos e naturais aplicados à medicina regenerativa
Beneficiário:Luiz Henrique Catalani
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/26308-7 - Otimização das propriedades físico-químicas de materiais nano-estruturados e suas aplicações em reconhecimento molecular, catálise e conversão/armazenamento de energia
Beneficiário:Roberto Manuel Torresi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/00705-5 - Estudo da interação entre diferentes proteínas com a superfície de PEDOT-co-PLLA por EC-AFM
Beneficiário:Aruã Clayton da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado Direto