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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

How to Measure and Calculate Equivalent Series Resistance of Electric Double-Layer Capacitors

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Autor(es):
Vicentini, Rafael [1] ; Da Silva, Leonardo Morais [2] ; Cecilio Junior, Edson Pedro [1] ; Alves, Thayane Almeida [1] ; Nunes, Willian Goncalves [1] ; Zanin, Hudson [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Elect & Comp Engn, Carbon Sci Tech Labs, Adv Energy Storage Div, Ctr Innovat New Energies, Av Albert Einstein 400, BR-13083852 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Jequitinhonha & Mucuris Valley, Dept Chem, Highway MGT 367, Km 583, 5000 Alto Jacuba, BR-39100000 Diamantina, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Molecules; v. 24, n. 8 APR 2 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) are energy storage devices that have attracted attention from the scientific community due to their high specific power storage capabilities. The standard method for determining the maximum power (P-max) of these devices uses the relation P-max = U-2/4R(ESR), where U stands for the cell voltage and R-ESR for the equivalent series resistance. Despite the relevance of R-ESR, one can observe a lack of consensus in the literature regarding the determination of this parameter from the galvanostatic charge-discharge findings. In addition, a literature survey revealed that roughly half of the scientific papers have calculated the R-ESR values using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique, while the other half used the galvanostatic charge discharge (GCD) method. R-ESR values extracted from EIS at high frequencies (>10 kHz) do not depend on the particular equivalent circuit model. However, the conventional GCD method better resembles the real situation of the device operation, and thus its use is of paramount importance for practical purposes. In the latter case, the voltage drop (U) verified at the charge-discharge transition for a given applied current (I) is used in conjunction with Ohm's law to obtain the R-ESR (e.g., R-ESR = U/I). However, several papers have caused a great confusion in the literature considering only applied current (I). In order to shed light on this important subject, we report in this work a rational analysis regarding the GCD method in order to prove that to obtain reliable R-ESR values the voltage drop must be normalized by a factor of two (e.g., R-ESR = Delta U/2I). (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/02163-7 - Desenvolvimento de dispositivos supercapacitores a partir de grafenos, nanotubos de carbono e diamantes
Beneficiário:Hudson Giovani Zanin
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores