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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

How to Measure and Calculate Equivalent Series Resistance of Electric Double-Layer Capacitors

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Vicentini, Rafael [1] ; Da Silva, Leonardo Morais [2] ; Cecilio Junior, Edson Pedro [1] ; Alves, Thayane Almeida [1] ; Nunes, Willian Goncalves [1] ; Zanin, Hudson [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Elect & Comp Engn, Carbon Sci Tech Labs, Adv Energy Storage Div, Ctr Innovat New Energies, Av Albert Einstein 400, BR-13083852 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Jequitinhonha & Mucuris Valley, Dept Chem, Highway MGT 367, Km 583, 5000 Alto Jacuba, BR-39100000 Diamantina, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Molecules; v. 24, n. 8 APR 2 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) are energy storage devices that have attracted attention from the scientific community due to their high specific power storage capabilities. The standard method for determining the maximum power (P-max) of these devices uses the relation P-max = U-2/4R(ESR), where U stands for the cell voltage and R-ESR for the equivalent series resistance. Despite the relevance of R-ESR, one can observe a lack of consensus in the literature regarding the determination of this parameter from the galvanostatic charge-discharge findings. In addition, a literature survey revealed that roughly half of the scientific papers have calculated the R-ESR values using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique, while the other half used the galvanostatic charge discharge (GCD) method. R-ESR values extracted from EIS at high frequencies (>10 kHz) do not depend on the particular equivalent circuit model. However, the conventional GCD method better resembles the real situation of the device operation, and thus its use is of paramount importance for practical purposes. In the latter case, the voltage drop (U) verified at the charge-discharge transition for a given applied current (I) is used in conjunction with Ohm's law to obtain the R-ESR (e.g., R-ESR = U/I). However, several papers have caused a great confusion in the literature considering only applied current (I). In order to shed light on this important subject, we report in this work a rational analysis regarding the GCD method in order to prove that to obtain reliable R-ESR values the voltage drop must be normalized by a factor of two (e.g., R-ESR = Delta U/2I). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/02163-7 - Development of supercapacitors devices from graphene, carbon nanotubes and diamonds
Grantee:Hudson Giovani Zanin
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants