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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

AGK-BRAF is associated with distant metastasis and younger age in pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma

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Autor(es):
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Sisdelli, Luiza [1] ; Cunha Vieira Cordioli, Maria Isabel [1] ; Vaisman, Fernanda [2] ; Moraes, Lais [1] ; Colozza-Gama, Gabriel Avelar [1] ; Alves, Jr., Paulo Alonso G. [2] ; Araujo, Jr., Mario Lucio [2] ; Seixas Alves, Maria Teresa [3] ; Monte, Osmar [4] ; Longui, Carlos Alberto [4] ; Cury, Adriano Namo [5] ; Carvalheira, Gianna [1] ; Cerutti, Janete Maria [1]
Número total de Autores: 13
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morphol & Genet, Div Genet, Genet Bases Thyroid Tumors Lab, Rua Pedro de Toledo 669, 11 Andar, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Natl Canc Inst, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Irmandade Santa Casa Misericordia Sao Paulo, Dept Pediat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Irmandade Santa Casa Misericordia Sao Paulo, Dept Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PEDIATRIC BLOOD & CANCER; v. 66, n. 7 JUL 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Background The incidence of thyroid carcinoma has increased in most populations, including pediatric patients. The increase is almost exclusively due to an increase in the incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Genetic alterations leading to mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway activation are highly prevalent in PTC, with BRAF V600E mutation being the most common event in adult PTC. Although a lower prevalence of BRAF V600E had been reported among pediatric patients, a higher prevalence of BRAF fusion has been identified in both radiation-exposed and sporadic pediatric PTC. However, little is known about the prognostic implications of BRAF fusions in pediatric PTC. Procedure In this study, we investigated the prevalence of BRAF alterations (AGK-BRAF fusion and BRAF V600E mutation) in a large set of predominantly sporadic pediatric PTC cases and correlate with clinicopathological features. Somatic AGK-BRAF fusion was investigated by RT-PCR and confirmed by FISH break-apart. The BRAF V600E mutation was screened using Sanger sequencing. Results AGK-BRAF fusion, found in 19% of pediatric PTC patients, was associated with distant metastasis and younger age. Conversely, the BRAF V600E, found in 15% of pediatric PTC patients, was correlated with older age and larger tumor size. Conclusion Collectively, our results advance knowledge concerning genetic bases of pediatric thyroid carcinoma, with potential implications for diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutic approaches. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/06570-6 - Sequenciamento completo do exoma, Paired-end RNA e genoma: novos insights sobre a natureza genética do câncer de tiróide na idade adulta e na faixa etária pediátrica e aplicações na prática clínica
Beneficiário:Janete Maria Cerutti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático