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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fate of N-15 fertilizer applied to maize in rotation with tropical forage grasses

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Autor(es):
Rocha, Kassiano F. [1] ; Mariano, Eduardo [1] ; Grassmann, Camila S. [1] ; Trivelin, Paulo C. O. [2] ; Rosolem, Ciro A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Coll Agr Sci, Av Univ 3780, BR-18610034 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr, Lab Stable Isotopes, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FIELD CROPS RESEARCH; v. 238, p. 35-44, MAY 15 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Tropical forage grasses of the genus Megathyrsus and Urochloa can suppress soil-nitrification by releasing inhibitory substances, reducing N losses and increasing fertilizer N recovery of the cash crop in rotation. In contrast, ruzigrass (Urochloa ruziziensis) has been reported to decrease the yield and N accumulation of the subsequent crop and hence can affect N use efficiency and the fate of applied N. We investigated the effects of Guinea grass (M. maximum), palisade grass (U. brizantha), and ruzigrass on succeeding crop yield, N accumulation, and the fate of N-15-labeled fertilizer applied to maize (Zea mays L.) in a 2-year field experiment in Brazil. Maize was fertilized with 140 kg ha(-1) N as ((NH4)-N-15)(2)SO4 or not fertilized, and recovery of residual N-15 was quantified in the second season. Net nitrification rates through an incubation study had no differences among grasses. Nitrogen application increased maize yield and N accumulation in both seasons, whereas maize yield decreased by 9.5% following ruzigrass compared with the other forages. The grasses had no effect on N-15 recovery by maize or in the system. On average, the recovery of N-15 in maize and soil was 34% and 46% in the first growing season and 2.9% and 20% in the second season, respectively. Our results indicated that tropical perennial grasses had no differential effects on nitrification rates and the fate of N-15-labeled fertilizer in the plant-litter-soil system in the season of application nor in the subsequent crop (residual effect). (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/50305-8 - A virtual joint centre to deliver enhanced nitrogen use efficiency via an integrated soil-plant systems approach for the UK & Brazil
Beneficiário:Ciro Antonio Rosolem
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/25253-7 - Dinâmica do nitrogênio em um sistema de cultivo usando forrageiras como plantas de cobertura e milho em sucessão
Beneficiário:Camila da Silva Grassmann
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 17/02517-1 - Dinâmica do nitrogênio em um sistema de produção usando braquiária como planta de cobertura
Beneficiário:Eduardo Mariano
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado