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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Relative effectiveness of insects versus hummingbirds as pollinators of Rubiaceae plants across elevation in Dominica, Caribbean

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Autor(es):
Lehmann, L. J. [1, 2] ; Maruyama, P. K. [3, 4] ; Bergamo, P. Joaquim [3, 5] ; Maglianesi, M. A. [6] ; Rahbek, C. [1] ; Dalsgaard, B. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Ctr Macroecol Evolut & Climate, Univ Pk 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen - Denmark
[2] Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Sect Ecol & Evolut, Copenhagen - Denmark
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Vegetal, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, ICB, Dept Biol Geral, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Estatal Distancia, Vicerrectoria Invest, San Jose - Costa Rica
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Plant Biology; v. 21, n. 4, p. 738-744, JUL 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Most angiosperms rely on animal pollination for reproduction, but the dependence on specific pollinator groups varies greatly between species and localities. Notably, such dependence may be influenced by both floral traits and environmental conditions. Despite its importance, their joint contribution has rarely been studied at the assemblage level. At two elevations on the Caribbean island of Dominica, we measured the floral traits and the relative contributions of insects versus hummingbirds as pollinators of plants in the Rubiaceae family. Pollinator importance was measured as visitation rate (VR) and single visit pollen deposition (SVD), which were combined to assess overall pollinator effectiveness (PE). In the wet and cool Dominican highland, we found that hummingbirds were relatively more frequent and effective pollinators than insects, whereas insects and hummingbirds were equally frequent and effective pollinators at the warmer and less rainy midelevation. Furthermore, floral traits correlated independently of environment with the relative importance of pollinators, hummingbirds being more important in plant species having flowers with long and wide corollas producing higher volumes of dilute nectar. Our findings show that both environmental conditions and floral traits influence whether insects or hummingbirds are the most important pollinators of plants in the Rubiaceae family, highlighting the complexity of plant-pollinator systems. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/21457-4 - Ligando padrões macroecológicos em redes ecológicas a atributos funcionais das espécies: redes de plantas e beija-flores Nas Américas
Beneficiário:Pietro Kiyoshi Maruyama Mendonça
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado