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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A simulation-based framework to explore the importance of non-selection and selection processes in structuring ecological communities

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Vieira, Danilo Candido [1, 2] ; Fonseca, Gustavo [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Parana, Ctr Estudos Mar, Caixa Postal 50-002, BR-83255000 Pontal Do Parana, PR - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Av Dona Ana Costa 95, BR-11060001 Santos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Oecologia; v. 190, n. 3, p. 535-545, JUL 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The purpose of this framework is to identify the relative importance of selection and dispersion processes in structuring ecological communities. Using a pattern-oriented modelling approach, it consists of five steps: (a) aggregate information from the empirical community and its environment, (b) simulate communities under different degrees of dispersal and selection, (c) select the best set of simulations into a composite model using the environmental boundary (EB) and niche breadth (NB) of each observed species, (d) validate the composite model by comparing expected and observed results from three additional community patterns and (e) classify each observed species along the selection/non-selection continuum. A free-living marine nematodes data set from a coastal bay was used as empirical example. A total of 20 parameterizations were applied varying selection and dispersion levels. In the absence of selection, species from high-dispersal parameter sets showed maximum EBs and NBs, whilst selection parameter sets generated species with narrower EB and NB values. EB and NB values declined with decreasing dispersal. The composite model encompassed 96% of the 194 nematode species and predicted all the three patterns evaluated without further calibration, i.e., they are independent: (1) abundance-rank distribution, the assemblage structures along both the (2) spatial and (3) environmental gradients. Non-selection and selection parameter sets accounted for 34% and 85% of the observed species, respectively. The main advantage of this approach is that empirical niche measurements are placed in the context of model-generated expectations, enabling a deeper understanding of community assembly processes and how they vary from species to species. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50317-5 - Biodiversidade e funcionamento de um ecossistema costeiro subtropical: subsídios para gestão integrada
Beneficiário:Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático