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Fundamentals of isothermal austenite reversion in a Ti-stabilized 12Cr-6 Ni-2 Mo super martensitic stainless steel: Thermodynamics versus experimental assessments

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Escobar, J. D. [1, 2] ; Faria, G. A. [3] ; Maia, E. L. [1] ; Oliveira, J. P. [4] ; Boll, T. [5, 6] ; Seils, S. [5, 6] ; Mei, P. R. [1] ; Ramirez, A. J. [3]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, FEM, Unicamp, Coll Mech Engn, BR-13083860 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Met & Mat Engn Dept, Ave Prof Mello Moraes 2463, BR-05508030 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Ohio State Univ, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Welding Engn, 1248 Arthur E Adams Dr, Columbus, OH 43221 - USA
[4] Univ Nova Lisboa, Fac Ciencias & Tecnol, Dept Engn Mecan & Ind, UNIDEMI, Caparica - Portugal
[5] Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Inst Appl Mat IAM WK, Engelbert Arnold Str 4, D-76131 Karlsruhe - Germany
[6] Karlsruhe Inst Technol, KNMF, Hermann von Helmholtz Pl 1, D-76344 Eggenstein Leopoldshafen - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACTA MATERIALIA; v. 174, p. 246-259, AUG 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

This work addresses the fundamentals of inter-critical austenite reversion in a Ti-stabilized 12Cr-6Ni-2Mo (at.%) supermartensitic stainless steel, combining thermodynamic and experimental assessments. The calculation of the temperature and composition at which ferrite and austenite phases have the same free energy, i.e. T-0 and C-0(T), respectively, is discussed as a methodology to understand the austenite reversion and stabilization mechanisms. An ultra-fast heating rate of 500 degrees C s(-1) provided isothermal austenite nucleation and growth from a fully solubilized martensite, allowing direct comparison with the compositional tie-lines and the transformation paths described by the free energy calculations. Isothermal transformation temperatures below and above T-0 (625 degrees C) were used. Below T-0, massive reversion was suppressed since it would imply a free energy increase. The opposite occurred above T-0, since the critical Ni concentration for austenite reversion was lower than for the solubilized case. Transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography evidenced that, in all cases, lath growth occurred by local equilibrium partitioning of Ni, along with co-segregation of ferrite-stabilizing elements (Cr and Mo) at the advancing interface. The complex interaction between Cr, Ni and Mo on the energy gain upon nucleation of austenite revealed that Cr segregation can be beneficial while the adverse effect of Mo can be quickly outbalanced by Ni. The most stable reverted laths were obtained for transformation temperatures at least 15 degrees C below T-0 with average austenite/martensite Ni partitioning factors higher than 2.0. (C) 2019 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/20844-1 - Estudo in situ da cinética de transformação e a estabilidade térmica da austenita em Aços Avançados de Alta Resistência com efeito TRIP
Beneficiário:Julian David Escobar Atehortua
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/13466-6 - Estudo correlativo por tomografia de sonda atômica e microscopia eletrônica de transmissão nas interfaces M/A, B/A e precipitados após tratamentos térmico in situ para aço inoxidável supermartensítico e aço avançado de alta resistência com efeito TRIP
Beneficiário:Julian David Escobar Atehortua
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado