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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

South Atlantic Surface Boundary Current System during the Last Millennium in the CESM-LME: The Medieval Climate Anomaly and Little Ice Age

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Marcello, Fernanda [1] ; Wainer, Ilana [1] ; Gent, Peter R. [2] ; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L. [2] ; Brady, Esther C. [2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Dept Phys Oceanog, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, POB 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GEOSCIENCES; v. 9, n. 7 JUL 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Interocean waters that are carried northward through South Atlantic surface boundary currents get meridionally split between two large-scale systems when meeting the South American coast at the western subtropical portion of the basin. This distribution of the zonal flow along the coast is investigated during the Last Millennium, when natural forcing was key to establish climate variability. Of particular interest are the changes between the contrasting periods of the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA) and the Little Ice Age (LIA). The investigation is conducted with the simulation results from the Community Earth System Model Last Millennium Ensemble (CESM-LME). It is found that the subtropical South Atlantic circulation pattern differs substantially between these natural climatic extremes, especially at the northern boundary of the subtropical gyre, where the westward-flowing southern branch of the South Equatorial Current (sSEC) bifurcates off the South American coast, originating the equatorward-flowing North Brazil Undercurrent (NBUC) and the poleward Brazil Current (BC). It is shown that during the MCA, a weaker anti-cyclonic subtropical gyre circulation took place (inferred from decreased southern sSEC and BC transports), while the equatorward transport of the Meridional Overturning Circulation return flow was increased (intensified northern sSEC and NBUC). The opposite scenario occurs during the LIA: a more vigorous subtropical gyre circulation with decreased northward transport. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/16511-5 - A circulação de revolvimento meridional do Atlântico Sul do passado para o futuro: caminhos e variabilidade de baixa frequência
Beneficiário:Fernanda Marcello de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/17659-0 - Variabilidade e mudanças do Oceano Atlântico Sul desde 850 C.E.: uma abordagem de conjunto com o modelo do sistema terrestre comunitário (desenvolvido no National Center for Atmospheric Research - NCAR)
Beneficiário:Ilana Elazari Klein Coaracy Wainer
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa