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Phenology and Seasonal Ecosystem Productivity in an Amazonian Floodplain Forest

Texto completo
Fonseca, Leticia D. M. [1] ; Dalagnol, Ricardo [2] ; Malhi, Yadvinder [3] ; Rifai, Sami W. [3] ; Costa, Gabriel B. [4] ; Silva, Thiago S. F. [5] ; Da Rocha, Humberto R. [6] ; Tavares, Iane B. [1] ; Borma, Laura S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Earth Syst Sci, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] INPE, Remote Sensing Div, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Oxford, Environm Change Inst, Sch Geog & Environm, Oxford OX1 3QY - England
[4] Fed Univ Western Para, BR-68040260 Santarem, PA - Brazil
[5] Univ Stirling, Fac Nat Sci, Biol & Environm Sci, Stirling FK9 4LA - Scotland
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Atmospher Sci IAG, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: REMOTE SENSING; v. 11, n. 13 JUL 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0

Several studies have explored the linkages between phenology and ecosystem productivity across the Amazon basin. However, few studies have focused on flooded forests, which correspond to c.a. 14% of the basin. In this study, we assessed the seasonality of ecosystem productivity (gross primary productivity, GPP) from eddy covariance measurements, environmental drivers and phenological patterns obtained from the field (leaf litter mass) and satellite measurements (enhanced vegetation index (EVI) from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer/multi-angle implementation correction (MODIS/MAIAC)) in an Amazonian floodplain forest. We found that ecosystem productivity is limited by soil moisture in two different ways. During the flooded period, the excess of water limits GPP (Spearman's correlation; rho = -0.22), while during non-flooded months, GPP is positively associated with soil moisture (rho = 0.34). However, GPP is maximized when cumulative water deficit (CWD) increases (rho = 0.81), indicating that GPP is dependent on the amount of water available. EVI was positively associated with leaf litter mass (Pearson's correlation; r = 0.55) and with GPP (r = 0.50), suggesting a coupling between new leaf production and the phenology of photosynthetic capacity, decreasing both at the peak of the flooded period and at the end of the dry season. EVI was able to describe the inter-annual variations on forest responses to environmental drivers, which have changed during an observed El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) year (2015/2016). (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58120-3 - Carbon tracker and water availability controls of land use and climate changes
Beneficiário:Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/50531-2 - Controles ecofisiológicos sobre a sazonalidade e variabilidade da precipitação na Amazônia
Beneficiário:Laura de Simone Borma
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/22987-7 - Avaliação do impacto de mudanças climáticas sobre a dinâmica de biomassa e carbono na Amazônia
Beneficiário:Ricardo Dal'Agnol da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado