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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evaluation of Nitrate as Internal Standard for Quantitative Determination of Urea in Urine by Raman Spectroscopy

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Autor(es):
Fortunato, Felipe Manfroi [1] ; Bechlin, Marcos Andre [1] ; Ferreira, Edilene Cristina [1] ; Oliveira, Silvana Ruella [2] ; Gomes Neto, Jose Anchieta [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Analyt Chem Dept, Rua Prof Francisco Degni 55, BR-14800060 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto FCFRP, Ave Cafe S-N, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; v. 5, n. 19, p. 22-28, APR-JUN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Nitrate was tested as internal standard in a new method for urea determination in urine by Raman spectroscopy. The proposed method furnished better precision in comparison with conventional methods. Besides, it is simple, robust and provides faster results, minimum sample preparation and lower reagent consumption and minimum waste generated than the reference spectrophotometric method. Nitrate was evaluated as internal standard (IS) for urea determination in urine by Raman spectroscopy. The influence of main operating parameters (laser power and integration time) on the Raman scattering of urea (N-C-N stretching at 1003 cm(-1)) and nitrate (N-O stretching at 1045 cm(-1)) was evaluated and the results showed good correlation between analyte and IS signals. The method was then developed and applied in five urine samples which presented urea concentrations in the 7.3 - 18.3 g L-1 range. For comparative purposes, samples were also analyzed by the reference method based on the enzymatic hydrolysis of urea followed by the spectrophotometric determination of ammonium ions. Results obtained by the proposed IS method were in agreement with the reference method at the 95% confidence level (paired t-test). Relative standard deviations (n = 12) of a sample analyzed by the reference method, proposed IS method and conventional external calibration method were in the ranges of 3.8 - 6.3%, 1.4 - 3.9% (IS) and 1.8 - 7.5%, respectively. Recoveries improved from 85 - 108% to 97% - 103% intervals when samples were analyzed by the conventional external calibration and IS proposed method, respectively. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/23323-7 - Método de adição de padrão interno por gradiente de concentração em fluxo em técnicas espectroscópicas
Beneficiário:Felipe Manfroi Fortunato
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado