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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

High fat diet modulates the protein content of nutrient transporters in the small intestine of mice: possible involvement of PKA and PKC activity

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Torelli Hijo, Andressa Harumi [1] ; Coutinho, Camille Perella [1] ; Alba-Loureiro, Tatiana Carolina [1] ; Moreira Leite, Jaqueline Santos [1] ; Bargi-Souza, Paula [2] ; Goulart-Silva, Francemilson [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Biol Sci, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HELIYON; v. 5, n. 10 OCT 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Aims: Chronic high fat consumption has been shown to modulate nutrient transporter content in the intestine of obese mice; however it is unclear if this regulation occurs before or after the establishment of obesity, and the underlying molecular mechanism requires elucidation. Main methods: Towards this goal C57BL/6 mice were fed a low fat diet (LFD) or high fat diet (HFD), and specific protein and gene expression levels were assessed for up to 12 weeks. Similar experiments were also performed with leptin-deficient (Ob/Ob) mice. Key findings: The results showed that the HFD group presented decreased GLUT2, PEPT1, FAT/CD36 and NPC1L1, and increased NHE3, MTTP and L-FABP content. Animals fed an HFD also presented enhanced lipid transporter gene expression of Slc27a4, Npc1l1, Cd36, Mttp and L-Fabp. Additionally, FAT/CD36 and NPC1L1 protein levels were reduced in both HFD-induced obese and Ob/Ob mice. Ob/Ob mice also exhibited increased Slc2a2 and Slc15a1 mRNAs expression, but the protein expression levels remained unchanged. The HFD also attenuated PKA and PKC activities. The inhibition of PKA was associated with decreased FAT/CD36 content, whereas increased L-FABP levels likely depend on CREB activation, independent of PKA. It is plausible that the HFD-induced changes in NPC1L1, MTTP and L-FABP protein content involve regulation at the level of transcription. Moreover, the changes in GLUT2 and PEPT1 content might be associated with low PKC activity. Significance: The results indicated that an HFD is capable of reducing nutrient transporter content, possibly attenuating nutrient uptake into the intestine, and may represent a feedback mechanism for regulating body weight. Furthermore, the elevated levels of NHE3, L-FABP and MTTP may account for the increased prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia in obese individuals. All of these changes are potentially linked to reduced PKA or PKC activities. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/12871-9 - Repercussões da ingestão crônica de dieta hiperlipídica nos mecanismos de transporte de nutrientes dos enterócitos: avaliação da participação dos hormônios tireoidianos nesses processos
Beneficiário:Francemilson Goulart da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular