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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ultrasound affects the selectivity and activity of immobilized lipases applied to fatty acid ethyl ester synthesis

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Quilles Junior, Jose Carlos [1] ; Ferrarezi, Ana Lucia [2] ; Borges, Janaina Pires [3] ; Rossi, Jessika Souza [1] ; Bocchini, Daniela Alonso [3] ; Gomes, Eleni [2] ; da Silva, Roberto [1] ; Boscolo, Mauricio [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias Letras & Ciencias Exatas, Dept Quim & Ciencias Ambientais, Rua Cristovao Colombo 2265, BR-15054000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Biol, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Ouim, Dept Bioquim & Tecnol Quim, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACTA SCIENTIARUM-TECHNOLOGY; v. 42, JAN-DEC 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Hydrophobic carriers can be used to improve the activity, stability and other properties of enzymes. Physical agents, like ultrasound, may also contribute to improving the dispersion and collision of the reagent molecules, decreasing the reaction time and intensifying the catalytic process. However, its effect on the enzyme activity and reaction selectivity is still not entirely understood. Here, enzyme modulation of immobilized lipases was studied under pulsed ultrasound irradiation in fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE) synthesis for biodiesel production. Novozym 435 (R) and two commercial lipases from Thermomyces lanuginosus and Rhizomucor miehei, immobilized on Octadecyl-Sepabeads were used as a biocatalyst in the transesterification reaction of vegetable oils and ethanol. The use of ultrasound associated with catalysis by the Novozym 435 increased the production of FAEE by about three times (from 8.9 to 26.4%) using soybean oil and changes were observed in the profile of the products. From the sonicated reaction, ethyl-palmitate production decreased from 23.4 to 11.7%, while the ethyl-linoleate content rose from 47.5 to 59.2%. On the other hand, the T. lanuginosus lipase was less affected by sonication with the overall production of FAEE increasing from 17.2 to 24.1%, with ethyl-palmitate and ethyl-linoleate content changing from 16.2 to 17.5% and 55.0 to 47.8%, respectively. Although the changes in the production yield are not too high, the main idea here was to show that ultrasound modulates the lipase activity as well as its respective selectivity. Thus, ultrasound, is responsible for changing the ethyl ester production, which can be applied to many other biochemical processes to improve or modulate their synthesis yield. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/09054-3 - Imobilização de lipases em derivados de agarose e quitosana e sua aplicação em biocatálise.
Beneficiário:José Carlos Quilles Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 08/58077-0 - Produção de biodiesel etílico com uso de lipases intra e extracelulares de fungos termofílicos com enzimas livres e imobilizadas em diferentes suportes
Beneficiário:Roberto da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/20504-6 - Influência de elementos terras-raras nas propriedades catalíticas de hidrotalcitas e seus óxidos para produção de biodiesel etílico
Beneficiário:Jessika de Souza Rossi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado