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Factors that influence the oral impact on daily performance of older people in Brazil: A cross-sectional population-based study

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Autor(es):
Cavalcanti, Yuri Wanderley [1] ; Dantas de Almeida, Leopoldina de Fatima [1] ; Gomes de Lucena, Edson Hilan [1] ; Probst, Livia Fernandes [2] ; Barros Cavalcante, Denise de Fatima [2] ; Frias, Antonio Carlos [3] ; Bulgareli, Jaqueline Vilela [2] ; Pereira, Antonio Carlos [2]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fed Univ Paraiba UFPB, Dept Clin & Social Dent, Sch Dent, Cidade Univ, Campus 1, BR-58051900 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba - Brazil
[2] State Univ Campinas FOP UNICAMP, Dept Social Dent, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Social Dent, Sch Dent, FO USP, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GERODONTOLOGY; DEC 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Aim To investigate factors that influence the oral health-related quality of life of older people (65 years and over) in Brazil. Background Population-based studies should be conducted to support health-planning interventions. Materials and methods Data from the Sao Paulo State Survey on Oral Health (SBSP-2015), which consisted of 5951 individuals, were used. A theoretical-conceptual model was built based on the impact of family socio-economic characteristics, individual social-demographic features and self-perceived and clinical oral health status on the oral impact on daily performance (OIDP). Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was conducted at 5% significance level. Statistically significant variables included within the adjusted logistic regression model entered the multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). Results Oral health impact on daily activities was observed in 34.6% of older people. Characteristics significantly related to impact on OIDP score were as follows: family income up to R\$ 500 (OR = 2.73), self-perceived treatment need (OR = 1.33), self-perceived toothache (OR = 1.52), self-perception of denture replacement need (OR = 1.27), dissatisfaction (OR = 1.50) or very dissatisfied (OR = 2.57) with own oral health, partial lower denture use (OR = 1.34) and needing partial lower dentures (OR = 1.28). Increased number of people living in the same house (B = 0.05, OR = 1.06), number of bedrooms in the house (B = -0.10, OR = 0.90), age (B = -0.03, OR = 0.97) and number of teeth needing treatment (B = 0.08, OR = 1.08) contributed significantly to OIDP. Conclusion Prevalence of OIDP of older people in the state of Sao Paulo was related to factors other than their clinical and self-perceived oral health status. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50109-1 - SB-SP 2014: levantamento das condições de Saúde Bucal / Estado SP
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisa em Políticas Públicas para o SUS