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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Self-Organizing Maps for Evaluation of Biogeochemical Processes and Temporal Variations in Water Quality of Subtropical Reservoirs

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Autor(es):
Melo, Darllene S. [1, 2] ; Gontijo, Erik S. J. [1, 2] ; Frascareli, Daniele [1, 2] ; Simonetti, Vanessa C. [2] ; Machado, Leila S. [2] ; Barth, Johannes A. C. [3] ; Moschini-Carlos, Viviane [2] ; Pompeo, Marcelo L. [4] ; Rosa, Andre H. [2] ; Friese, Kurt [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Lake Res, Magdeburg - Germany
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, Inst Sci & Technol, UNESP, Sorocaba - Brazil
[3] Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg FAU, GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Dept Geog & Geosci, Erlangen - Germany
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol, Inst Biosci, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH; v. 55, n. 12 DEC 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Water quality in reservoirs is often compromised in many regions worldwide by nutrients and trace metals. This demands continuous monitoring; however, analyses of large data sets collected during regular monitoring remain a difficult task. Multivariate techniques offer a fast and robust approach for interpreting complex results. The objective of this study was to check the efficacy of self-organizing maps (SOMs) as a tool to investigate biogeochemical processes. This tool can also help to illustrate influences of land use patterns on the water quality of reservoirs. Here we use the Itupararanga Reservoir in Brazil as a subtropical example. Vertical profiles were sampled from seven sites in the reservoir in a total of seven campaigns over 24 months. Next to physicochemical parameters in the water column (dissolved oxygen, Eh, pH, and temperature), levels of nutrients (NO3-, NH4+, and PO43-), transition and trace metals (Al, Ba, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, and Zn), and chlorophyll-a (Chla) were measured. These variables were correlated with land use using SOM. With this technique samples were classified into 17 distinct groups that showed distinct influences of spatial heterogeneity and seasonality. The analyses helped to reveal a seasonal stratification period, where Fe, Mn, and P were released from sediments. Nutrients and some metal inputs (Al and Fe) were related to agricultural, urban, and grass/pasture areas around the reservoir. Our approach also helped to explain physical and biogeochemical seasonality in the reservoir. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/15397-1 - Ciclagem de carbono orgânico em reservatórios do brasil e alemanha: influência dos usos do solo e hidrologia
Beneficiário:Daniele Frascareli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/20326-1 - Dissolução e toxicidade de nanopartículas de prata na presença de substâncias húmicas aquáticas e excretados de algas
Beneficiário:André Henrique Rosa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular