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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Reviewing the fundamentals of supercapacitors and the difficulties involving the analysis of the electrochemical findings obtained for porous electrode materials

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Da Silva, Leonardo M. [1] ; Cesar, Reinaldo [2] ; Moreira, Cassio M. R. [1] ; Santos, Jeferson H. M. [1] ; De Souza, Lindomar G. [1] ; Pires, Bruno Morandi [2] ; Vicentini, Rafael [2] ; Nunes, Willian [2] ; Zanin, Hudson [2]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fed Univ Jequitinhonha & Mucuris Valley, Dept Chem, Lab Fundamental & Appl Electrochem, Highway MGT 367, Km 583, 5000, BR-39100000 Diamantina, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Innovat New Energies, Adv Energy Storage Div, Av Albert Einstein 400, BR-13083852 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: ENERGY STORAGE MATERIALS; v. 27, p. 555-590, MAY 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

After a brief presentation of the major aspects involving supercapacitors, their fundamental aspects were reviewed with special emphasis on recent advances accounting for the electric double layer models proposed for porous carbon-based electrodes containing electrochemically active sub-nanometer pores. Despite these important considerations, the main focus of this review is concerned with the major difficulties found in trying to interpret the electrochemical findings obtained for porous electrodes in the presence and absence of a pseudocapacitance (e.g., Faradaic process) due to presence of distributed and dispersion capacitance effects. In this sense, we present a comprehensive analysis concerned with the misuse of the classic electrochemical methods initially proposed for the study of ideally flat and/or spherical electrodes that are commonly adapted to evaluate the specific capacitance exhibited by porous electrodes. We critically discussed the main pitfalls arising from the incorrect interpretation of the electrochemical findings obtained in the time and frequency domains using different electrochemical characterization methods. For the sake of reuniting our better understanding of the electro-chemistry of porous electrodes used in supercapacitors, we investigated the most relevant and recent papers in the field. Finally, we highlight some specific electrochemical methodologies proposed for the study of porous electrodes and some guidelines to establish a laboratory protocol to collect the most relevant information about the supercapacitors are presented. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/11958-1 - Divisão para armazenamento de energia avançado
Beneficiário:Rubens Maciel Filho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Centros de Pesquisa em Engenharia
Processo FAPESP: 14/02163-7 - Desenvolvimento de dispositivos supercapacitores a partir de grafenos, nanotubos de carbono e diamantes
Beneficiário:Hudson Giovani Zanin
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores