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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Reviewing the fundamentals of supercapacitors and the difficulties involving the analysis of the electrochemical findings obtained for porous electrode materials

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Da Silva, Leonardo M. [1] ; Cesar, Reinaldo [2] ; Moreira, Cassio M. R. [1] ; Santos, Jeferson H. M. [1] ; De Souza, Lindomar G. [1] ; Pires, Bruno Morandi [2] ; Vicentini, Rafael [2] ; Nunes, Willian [2] ; Zanin, Hudson [2]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Fed Univ Jequitinhonha & Mucuris Valley, Dept Chem, Lab Fundamental & Appl Electrochem, Highway MGT 367, Km 583, 5000, BR-39100000 Diamantina, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Innovat New Energies, Adv Energy Storage Div, Av Albert Einstein 400, BR-13083852 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: ENERGY STORAGE MATERIALS; v. 27, p. 555-590, MAY 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

After a brief presentation of the major aspects involving supercapacitors, their fundamental aspects were reviewed with special emphasis on recent advances accounting for the electric double layer models proposed for porous carbon-based electrodes containing electrochemically active sub-nanometer pores. Despite these important considerations, the main focus of this review is concerned with the major difficulties found in trying to interpret the electrochemical findings obtained for porous electrodes in the presence and absence of a pseudocapacitance (e.g., Faradaic process) due to presence of distributed and dispersion capacitance effects. In this sense, we present a comprehensive analysis concerned with the misuse of the classic electrochemical methods initially proposed for the study of ideally flat and/or spherical electrodes that are commonly adapted to evaluate the specific capacitance exhibited by porous electrodes. We critically discussed the main pitfalls arising from the incorrect interpretation of the electrochemical findings obtained in the time and frequency domains using different electrochemical characterization methods. For the sake of reuniting our better understanding of the electro-chemistry of porous electrodes used in supercapacitors, we investigated the most relevant and recent papers in the field. Finally, we highlight some specific electrochemical methodologies proposed for the study of porous electrodes and some guidelines to establish a laboratory protocol to collect the most relevant information about the supercapacitors are presented. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/11958-1 - Advanced energy storage division
Grantee:Rubens Maciel Filho
Support type: Research Grants - Research Centers in Engineering Program
FAPESP's process: 14/02163-7 - Development of supercapacitors devices from graphene, carbon nanotubes and diamonds
Grantee:Hudson Giovani Zanin
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants