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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Distribution of Culex (Microculex) (Diptera: Culicidae) in forest cover gradients

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Autor(es):
Oliveira-Christe, Rafael [1] ; Medeiros-Sousa, Antonio Ralph [2] ; Fernandes, Aristides [2] ; Ceretti-Junior, Walter [2] ; Marrelli, Mauro Toledo [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Trop Med, Av Dr Eneas Carvalho Aguiar 470, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Av Dr Arnaldo 715, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Acta Tropica; v. 202, FEB 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Microculex is a subgenus of wild mosquitoes belonging to genus Culex, closely related to preserved environments. Its immature forms are generally associated with natural breeding sites, especially bromeliads. Recent years have witnessed the presence of some Microculex species in anthropic environments, including immature forms in artificial breeding sites, which may represent an adaptive tendency. This study aimed to investigate the variation in the abundance and dispersal of Microculex species in environments with different forest cover proportions. Three sites with different proportions of plant cover (60%, 70%, and 90%) were selected in an environmental protection area in the city of Sao Paulo, with varying degrees of modification and human presence. Collection was performed from March 2015 to April 2017, targeting bromeliads and artificial containers. Variations in the species' richness, composition, and abundance in different environments were analyzed. Variations in mean abundance and larval density between the different forest cover gradients were analyzed with generalized linear mixed-effects models. A total of 1,028 specimens belonging to 14 species were collected. Richness and composition were similar across the environments. Culex (Mcx.) imitator and Cx. (Mcx.) pleuristriatus were the most abundant species. The results showed a relationship between forest cover reduction and an increase in larval abundance and density for Cx. (Mcx.) pleuristriatus. Cx. (Mcx.) imitator showed a decrease in larval abundance related to a reduction in forest cover. Species from Pleuristriatus Series were found both in bromeliads and in artificial breeding sites. The findings emphasize that the Microculex Group of mosquitoes is not limited to preserved environments, but that some species such as Cx. (Mcx.) pleuristriatus appear to be well-adapted to areas impacted by human activity, colonizing artificial breeding sites, which may suggest a possible domiciliation process. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/02342-7 - Estudos Sistemáticos do Subgênero Microculex de Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) ocorrentes no Brasil
Beneficiário:Rafael de Oliveira Christe
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/50444-5 - Biodiversidade de mosquitos (Diptera : Culicidae) no Parque Estadual da Cantareira e na área de proteção ambiental Capivari - Monos, estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Mauro Toledo Marrelli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular