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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

From grape to wine: Fate of ochratoxin A during red, rose, and white winemaking process and the presence of ochratoxin derivatives in the final products

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Freire, Luisa [1] ; Braga, Patricia A. C. [1] ; Furtado, Marianna M. [1] ; Delafiori, Jeany [2] ; Dias-Audibert, Flavia L. [2] ; Pereira, Giuliano E. [3] ; Reyes, Felix G. [1] ; Catharino, Rodrigo R. [2] ; Sant'Ana, Anderson S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Food Engn, Dept Food Sci, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Innovare Biomarkers Lab, BR-13083887 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Brazilian Agr Res Corp Semiarido, BR-56302970 Petrolina, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOOD CONTROL; v. 113, JUL 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The presence of ochratoxin A (OTA) in wine is mainly due to the contamination of grapes by Aspergillus carbonarius and A. niger, still in the vineyard or at stages prior to winemaking. Throughout winemaking process, although there is a reduction in OTA levels, modified mycotoxins may also be formed. In fact, modified mycotoxins are compounds that normally remain undetectable during the conventional analysis used for the parent toxin. In this context, the current study aimed to evaluate the effect of grape variety and winemaking steps on OTA fate as well as the formation of modified ochratoxins. White, rose and red wines were prepared from Muscat Italia, Syrah and Touriga Nacional varieties, respectively. OTA was determined during different steps of winemaking by UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Identification of ochratoxin derivatives was performed using tandem MS experiments. A reduction of 90.72, 92.44 and 88.15% in OTA levels was observed for white, rose and red wines, respectively. Among the sought targets, the following ochratoxin-derived candidates were identified: ochratoxin beta, ochratoxin alpha methyl ester, ochratoxin B methyl ester, ochratoxin A methyl ester, ethylamide ochratoxin A, ochratoxin C and ochratoxin A glucose ester. These results indicate that the formation of ochratoxin derivatives leads to an underestimation of total mycotoxin levels in wine and, therefore, the inclusion of techniques for multi-mycotoxins detection should be considered. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/21041-5 - Fungos e micotoxinas modificadas em uvas e vinhos: modelagem da variabilidade de formação, estabilidade ao longo do processamento e efeitos à saúde
Beneficiário:Luisa Freire
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 19/05718-3 - Determinação das alterações metabólicas e do potencial terapêutico do Zika Vírus em células tumorais por espectrometria de massas e inteligência artificial
Beneficiário:Jeany Delafiori
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto