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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Spatially remote motifs cooperatively affect substrate preference of a ruminal GH26-type endo-?-1,4-mannanase

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Autor(es):
Mandelli, Fernanda [1] ; de Morais, Mariana Abrahao Bueno [1] ; de Lima, Evandro Antonio [1] ; Oliveira, Leane [2] ; Persinoti, Gabriela Felix [1] ; Murakami, Mario Tyago [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Biorenewables Natl Lab LNBR, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Elanco Anim Hlth, Greenfield, IN 46140 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Biological Chemistry; v. 295, n. 15, p. 5012-5021, APR 10 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

?-Mannanases from the glycoside hydrolase 26 (GH26) family are retaining hydrolases that are active on complex heteromannans and whose genes are abundant in rumen metagenomes and metatranscriptomes. These enzymes can exhibit distinct modes of substrate recognition and are often fused to carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs), resulting in a molecular puzzle of mechanisms governing substrate preference and mode of action that has not yet been pieced together. In this study, we recovered a novel GH26 enzyme with a CBM35 module linked to its N terminus (CrMan26) from a cattle rumen metatranscriptome. CrMan26 exhibited a preference for galactomannan as substrate and the crystal structure of the full-length protein at 1.85 ? resolution revealed a unique orientation of the ancillary domain relative to the catalytic interface, strategically positioning a surface aromatic cluster of the ancillary domain as an extension of the substrate-binding cleft, contributing to galactomannan preference. Moreover, systematic investigation of nonconserved residues in the catalytic interface unveiled that residues Tyr(195) (?3 subsite) and Trp(234) (?5 subsite) from distal negative subsites have a key role in galactomannan preference. These results indicate a novel and complex mechanism for substrate recognition involving spatially remote motifs, distal negative subsites from the catalytic domain, and a surface-associated aromatic cluster from the ancillary domain. These findings expand our molecular understanding of the mechanisms of substrate binding and recognition in the GH26 family and shed light on how some CBMs and their respective orientation can contribute to substrate preference. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/19995-0 - Análise da diversidade estrutural e funcional das enzimas pertencentes à família GH43 em Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri: implicações biológicas e possíveis aplicações biotecnológicas
Beneficiário:Mariana Abrahão Bueno de Morais
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/26982-0 - Explorando novas estratégias para a despolimerização de polissacarídeos da parede celular vegetal: da estrutura, função e desenho racional de hidrolases glicosídicas às implicações biológicas e potenciais aplicações biotecnológicas
Beneficiário:Mário Tyago Murakami
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático