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Visible and near-infrared spectro-interferometric analysis of the edge-on Be star o Aquarii

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de Almeida, E. S. G. [1] ; Meilland, A. [1] ; de Souza, A. Domiciano [1] ; Stee, P. [1] ; Mourard, D. [1] ; Nardetto, N. [1] ; Ligi, R. [2] ; Tallon-Bosc, I. [3] ; Faes, D. M. [4] ; Carciofi, A. C. [4] ; Bednarski, D. [4] ; Mota, B. C. [4] ; Turner, N. [5] ; ten Brummelaar, T. A. [5]
Número total de Autores: 14
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Nice - France
[2] INAF Osservatorio Astron Brera, Via E Bianchi 46, Merate 23807 - Italy
[3] Univ Lyon1, Univ Lyon, CNRS, ENS Lyon, Ctr Rech Astrophys Lyon, UMR5574, St Genis Laval 69230 - France
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Georgia State Univ, CHARA Array, Mt Wilson, CA - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 636, APR 28 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0

Aims. We present a detailed visible and near-infrared spectro-interferometric analysis of the Be-shell star o Aquarii from quasi-contemporaneous CHARA/VEGA and VLTI/AMBER observations.Methods. We analyzed spectro-interferometric data in the H alpha (VEGA) and Br gamma (AMBER) lines using models of increasing complexity: simple geometric models, kinematic models, and radiative transfer models computed with the 3D non-LTE code HDUST.Results. We measured the stellar radius of o Aquarii in the visible with a precision of 8%: 4.0 0.3 R-circle dot. We constrained the circumstellar disk geometry and kinematics using a kinematic model and a MCMC fitting procedure. The emitting disk sizes in the H alpha and Br gamma lines were found to be similar, at 10-12 stellar diameters, which is uncommon since most results for Be stars indicate a larger extension in H alpha than in Br gamma. We found that the inclination angle i derived from H alpha is significantly lower (15 degrees) than the one derived from Br gamma: i 61.2 degrees and 75.9 degrees, respectively. While the two lines originate from a similar region of the disk, the disk kinematics were found to be near to the Keplerian rotation (i.e., beta = -0.5) in Br gamma (beta -0.43), but not in H alpha (beta -0.30). After analyzing all our data using a grid of HDUST models (BeAtlas), we found a common physical description for the circumstellar disk in both lines: a base disk surface density Sigma(0) = 0.12 g cm(-2) and a radial density law exponent m = 3.0. The same kind of discrepancy, as with the kinematic model, is found in the determination of i using the BeAtlas grid. The stellar rotational rate was found to be very close (96%) to the critical value. Despite being derived purely from the fit to interferometric data, our best-fit HDUST model provides a very reasonable match to non-interferometric observables of o Aquarii: the observed spectral energy distribution, H alpha and Br gamma line profiles, and polarimetric quantities. Finally, our analysis of multi-epoch H alpha profiles and imaging polarimetry indicates that the disk structure has been (globally) stable for at least 20 yr.Conclusions. Looking at the visible continuum and Br gamma emission line only, o Aquarii fits in the global scheme of Be stars and their circumstellar disk: a (nearly) Keplerian rotating disk well described by the viscous decretion disk (VDD) model. However, the data in the H alpha line shows a substantially different picture that cannot fully be understood using the current generation of physical models of Be star disks. The Be star o Aquarii presents a stable disk (close to the steady-state), but, as in previous analyses, the measured m is lower than the standard value in the VDD model for the steady-state regime (m = 3.5). This suggests that some assumptions of this model should be reconsidered. Also, such long-term disk stability could be understood in terms of the high rotational rate that we measured for this star, the rate being a main source for the mass injection in the disk. Our results on the stellar rotation and disk stability are consistent with results in the literature showing that late-type Be stars are more likely to be fast rotators and have stable disks. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/54006-4 - Um cluster de computadores para o Departamento de Astronomia do IAG-USP e para o Núcleo de Astrofísica da UNICSUL
Beneficiário:Elisabete Maria de Gouveia Dal Pino
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 16/16844-1 - Engenharia de Sistemas para o GMACS: projeto GMT AT-13
Beneficiário:Daniel Moser Faes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado