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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

How can nitric oxide help osteogenesis?

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Autor(es):
Nascimento, Monica H. M. [1, 2] ; Pelegrino, Milena T. [1, 2] ; Pieretti, Joana C. [1, 2] ; Seabral, Amedea B. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fed Univ ABC UFABC, Nanomed Res Unit NANOMED, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ ABC UFABC, Ctr Nat & Human Sci CCNH, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: AIMS MOLECULAR SCIENCE; v. 7, n. 1, p. 29-48, 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Nitric oxide (NO) is endogenously produced free radical that plays important biological roles, such as, the promotion of vasodilation, angiogenesis, tissue repair, wound healing process, antioxidant, antitumoral and antimicrobial actions. Although the regenerative effects of NO in soft tissues have been extensively reported, its role in bone tissue repair has not been completely addressed. Both constitutive and inducible forms of NO synthase (NOS) are expressed in bone-derived cells, and some important cytokines, such as IL-1 and TNF, are potent stimulators of NO production. The effects of NO on bone tissue are dependent on its concentration. NO has dichotomous biological effects, at low concentrations (pico-nano molar range), NO may promote proliferation, differentiation and survival of osteoblasts, whereas at high concentrations (micromolar range) NO may inhibit bone resorption and formation. Therefore, at a certain concentration range, NO can avoid osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and promote osteoblast growth. Due to the potential beneficial effects of NO in bone tissue regeneration, the exogenous administration of NO might find important biomedical applications. As NO is a free radical and a gas, the administration of NO donors/generators has been explored in tissue repair. The delivery of NO to the bone using macromolecular NO releasing scaffolds has been shown to increase osteogenesis with a relevant impact in dental and orthopedist areas. In this sense, this review presents and discusses the recent and important progresses in the effects of NO/NO donors in bone tissue, and highlights the promising approach in the design and use of NO donors allied to biomaterials in the sustained and localized NO release for bone tissue regeneration. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/08194-2 - Óleo essencial contendo nanopartículas metálicas funcionalizadas com óxido nítrico como estratégia para o controle de patógenos vegetais na agricultura
Beneficiário:Amedea Barozzi Seabra
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/05029-8 - Preparação, caracterização e ensaios biológicos de biomateriais poliméricos doadores de óxido nítrico
Beneficiário:Milena Trevisan Pelegrino
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/02832-7 - Nanopartículas híbridas magnéticas e antibacterianas: síntese, caracterização e aplicações
Beneficiário:Joana Claudio Pieretti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado