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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

How can nitric oxide help osteogenesis?

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Nascimento, Monica H. M. [1, 2] ; Pelegrino, Milena T. [1, 2] ; Pieretti, Joana C. [1, 2] ; Seabral, Amedea B. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Fed Univ ABC UFABC, Nanomed Res Unit NANOMED, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ ABC UFABC, Ctr Nat & Human Sci CCNH, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: AIMS MOLECULAR SCIENCE; v. 7, n. 1, p. 29-48, 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Nitric oxide (NO) is endogenously produced free radical that plays important biological roles, such as, the promotion of vasodilation, angiogenesis, tissue repair, wound healing process, antioxidant, antitumoral and antimicrobial actions. Although the regenerative effects of NO in soft tissues have been extensively reported, its role in bone tissue repair has not been completely addressed. Both constitutive and inducible forms of NO synthase (NOS) are expressed in bone-derived cells, and some important cytokines, such as IL-1 and TNF, are potent stimulators of NO production. The effects of NO on bone tissue are dependent on its concentration. NO has dichotomous biological effects, at low concentrations (pico-nano molar range), NO may promote proliferation, differentiation and survival of osteoblasts, whereas at high concentrations (micromolar range) NO may inhibit bone resorption and formation. Therefore, at a certain concentration range, NO can avoid osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and promote osteoblast growth. Due to the potential beneficial effects of NO in bone tissue regeneration, the exogenous administration of NO might find important biomedical applications. As NO is a free radical and a gas, the administration of NO donors/generators has been explored in tissue repair. The delivery of NO to the bone using macromolecular NO releasing scaffolds has been shown to increase osteogenesis with a relevant impact in dental and orthopedist areas. In this sense, this review presents and discusses the recent and important progresses in the effects of NO/NO donors in bone tissue, and highlights the promising approach in the design and use of NO donors allied to biomaterials in the sustained and localized NO release for bone tissue regeneration. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/08194-2 - Essential oil amended with metal nanoparticles functionalized with nitric oxide as a strategy to control of plant pathogens in the agriculture
Grantee:Amedea Barozzi Seabra
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/05029-8 - Preparation, characterization and biological evaluation of nitric oxide releasing polymeric biomaterials
Grantee:Milena Trevisan Pelegrino
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/02832-7 - Hybrid magnetic and antibacterial nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization and applications
Grantee:Joana Claudio Pieretti
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master