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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Performance and carcass composition of pigs from two sire lines are affected differently by ambient temperature

Texto completo
Autor(es):
dos Santos, Luan Sousa [1, 2] ; Reis Furtado Campos, Paulo Henrique [3] ; da Silva, Welex Candido [2] ; Veira, Alini Mari [2] ; Fraga, Alicia Zem [2] ; Caetano, Raphael Perini [2] ; Hauschild, Luciano [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rural Rio de Janeiro, Dept Anim Nutr & Pastures, Km07 Highway BR 405, BR-23897000 Seropedica, RJ - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Sch Agr & Veterinarian Sci, W-N Paulo Donato Castellane Rd, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Vicosa, Dept Anim Sci, W-N Peter Henry Rolfs Ave, BR-36570900 Vicosa, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE; v. 61, n. 6 JAN 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Context. Differences among breeds or lines of pigs in terms of growth and carcass characteristics may be affected by rearing environment (genetic x environment interaction). Aims. The present study compared the growth performance and carcass composition of pigs from two sire lines reared under constant thermoneutral (22 degrees C; TN) or high ambient temperature (33 degrees C; HT) conditions. Methods. Hampshire (HAM) and synthetic-cross (SYN) castrated male pigs (n = 12 per group; 32.0 +/- 2.0 kg) were kept in individual pens at either 22 degrees C (TN) or 33 degrees C (HT) for 55 days (two experimental phases: 0-27 and 28-55 days) following an adaptation period of 7 days. Throughout the experimental period, growth performance and body composition (by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry on Days 27 and 55) were assessed, and a range of other measurements (serum parameters and physiological responses), which were divided into four measurement groups, was taken on 9 days. Key results. Irrespective of genetic line (G), the pigs in the HT treatment had lower average daily feed intake values (P < 0.001, by 29% and 41%) than did the pigs in the TN treatment during both experimental phases (0-27 and 28-55 days). During the second growth phase, the average daily gain of the SYN pigs in the HT treatment was reduced by 50%, whereas that of the HAM pigs was reduced by 24% (P < 0.05 for G x ambient temperature (AT)). On Days 27 and 55, pig bodyweight was lower (P < 0.05) in the HT treatment than in the TN treatment. On Day 27, a G x AT interaction was detected for backfat thickness (P < 0.05); among the SYN pigs, the value of this trait was lower (16%; P < 0.05) in the HT treatment than in the TN treatment, while for the HAM pigs, it was not influenced by treatment type. Conclusion. Despite progeny from both genetic lines being affected negatively by high AT, the purebred HAM pigs were less affected by the high AT conditions than were the pigs from the synthetic line. Implication. The present findings suggest that individual farm conditions and AT are among the most important factors to consider before implementing a G. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/15559-7 - Nutrição de precisão para suínos em desafio sanitário em regiões de clima quente
Beneficiário:Luciano Hauschild
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores - Fase 2
Processo FAPESP: 15/05241-1 - Sistema de alimentação de precisão como alternativa sustentável para produção de suínos em países de clima tropical
Beneficiário:Luan Sousa dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado