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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

It is not just about time: Agricultural practices and surrounding forest cover affect secondary forest recovery in agricultural landscapes

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Autor(es):
Cesar, Ricardo G. [1] ; Moreno, Vanessa de S. [1] ; Coletta, Gabriel D. [2] ; Schweizer, Daniella [1] ; Chazdon, Robin L. [3, 1] ; Barlow, Jos [4] ; Ferraz, Silvio F. B. [1] ; Crouzeilles, Renato [5, 6, 7] ; Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Forest Sci, Padua Dias Av 11, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Plant Biol Grad Program, Campinas - Brazil
[3] Univ Connecticut, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Storrs, CT - USA
[4] Univ Lancaster, Lancaster Environm Ctr, Lancaster - England
[5] Int Inst Sustainabil, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[6] Univ Veiga Almeida, Ciencias Meio Ambiente, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[7] Int Inst Sustainabil Australia, Canberra, ACT - Australia
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biotropica; v. 53, n. 2 JAN 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Natural regeneration of forests has significantly led to increased native forest cover in some regions. Several studies have explored the spatial drivers of forest cover increase, yet little is known about their effects on forest structure and species richness and diversity. We quantified the effects of local (forest age, remnant Eucalyptus basal area, slope, soil fertility, and clay content) and landscape drivers (surrounding land use, distance from streams, and surrounding forest cover and its change over time) on the aboveground biomass, species density, and phylogenetic diversity of native trees in second-growth forests. We sampled 44 naturally regenerating forests established on former pastures and abandoned Eucalyptus plantations for 11-46 years in agricultural landscapes of the southeastern Atlantic Forest, Brazil. We used generalized linear mixed effect models to quantify the effect drivers on forest attributes. While only Eucalyptus basal area and proximity to sugarcane plantations had a consistent negative effect on forest biomass, other drivers were among the best models to explain forest attributes, but their effect was variable. Age increased tree biomass but the effect was not consistent. Similarly, species richness and phylogenetic diversity were mainly affected by landscape drivers such as surrounding forest cover. In tropical agricultural landscapes, effective forest recovery requires more than just time, as forest age can be less important in determining forest attributes than human land uses and surrounding native forest cover. Crucially, forest recovery can be improved through interventions and policies that promote less impactful human activities and enhance existing forest cover. Abstract in Portuguese is available with online material. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/22679-5 - Funções eco-hidrológicas de florestas ripárias em gradientes de intensidade de manejo agrícola da paisagem
Beneficiário:Silvio Frosini de Barros Ferraz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/19767-4 - O papel dos remanescentes florestais nas funções ecossistêmicas de riachos de cabeceira e manuntenção da qualidade da água em microbacias agrícolas
Beneficiário:Silvio Frosini de Barros Ferraz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/05662-2 - O valor de conservação de plantios de eucalipto abandonados em paisagens agrícolas da Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Ricardo Gomes César
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/06782-5 - Avaliação multi-escala de impactos ambientais em paisagem agrícola
Beneficiário:Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/14503-7 - Cronossequência e efeito da paisagem na sucessão secundária de florestas tropicais
Beneficiário:Ricardo Gomes César
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado