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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Different ontogenetic trajectories of body colour, pattern and crypsis in two sympatric intertidal crab species

Autor(es):
Duarte, Rafael C. [1, 2] ; Dias, Gustavo M. [1] ; Flores, V, Augusto A. ; Stevens, Martin [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed ABC UFABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Sao Bernardo Do Campo - Brazil
[2] V, Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Biol Marinha, Sao Sebastiao - Brazil
[3] Univ Exeter, Ctr Ecol & Conservat, Penryn Campus, Exeter, Devon - England
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society; v. 132, n. 1, p. 17-31, JAN 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Animals frequently exhibit great variation in appearance, especially in heterogeneous habitats where individuals can be concealed differentially against backgrounds. Although background matching is a common anti-predator strategy, gaps exist in our understanding of within- and among-species variation. Specifically, the drivers of changes in appearance associated with habitat use and occurring through ontogeny are poorly understood. Using image analysis, we tested how individual appearance and camouflage in two intertidal crab species, the mud crab Panopeus americanus and the mottled crab Pachygrapsus transversus, relate to ontogeny and habitat use. We predicted that both species would change appearance with ontogeny, but that resident mud crabs would exhibit higher background similarity than generalist mottled crabs. Both species showed ontogenetic changes; the mud crabs became darker, whereas mottled crabs became more green. Small mud crabs were highly variable in colour and pattern, probably stemming from the use of camouflage in heterogeneous habitats during the most vulnerable life stage. Being habitat specialists, mud crabs were better concealed against all backgrounds than mottled crabs. Mottled crabs are motile and generalist, occupying macroalgae-covered rocks when adults, which explains why they are greener and why matches to specific habitats are less valuable. Differential habitat use in crabs can be associated with different coloration and camouflage strategies to avoid predation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 19/01934-3 - Mudança de cor e camuflagem em crustáceos bentônicos costeiros: ocorrência, pressões seletivas e função ecológica
Beneficiário:Rafael Campos Duarte
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/22258-5 - Fortalecimento da colaboração científica entre o Centro de Ecologia e Conservação da Universidade de Exeter (Reino Unido) e o Centro de Biologia Marinha da Universidade de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Augusto Alberto Valero Flores
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional
Processo FAPESP: 19/15628-1 - Efeito da poluição luminosa, da complexidade ambiental e da proximidade com construções costeiras sobre a dinâmica e diversidade de comunidades bentônicas marinhas
Beneficiário:Gustavo Muniz Dias
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular