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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

What does (not) drive the variation of the low-mass end of the stellar initial mass function of early-type galaxies

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Autor(es):
Barbosa, C. E. [1] ; Spiniello, C. [2, 3] ; Arnaboldi, M. [4] ; Coccato, L. [4] ; Hilker, M. [4] ; Richtler, T. [5]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, IAG, Dept Astron, Rua Matao 1226, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples - Italy
[3] Univ Oxford, Dept Phys, Denys Wilkinson Bldg, Keble Rd, Oxford OX1 3RH - England
[4] European Southern Observ, Karl Schwarzschild Str 2, D-85748 Garching - Germany
[5] Univ Concepcion, Dept Astron, Concepcion - Chile
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 645, JAN 8 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Context. The stellar initial mass function (IMF) seems to be variable and not universal, contrary to what has been argued in the literature over the last three decades. Several relations of the low-mass end of the IMF slope with other stellar population, photometrical, and kinematical parameters of massive early-type galaxies (ETGs) have been proposed, but consensus on the factual cause of the observed variations has not yet been reached. Aims. We investigate the relationship between the IMF and other stellar population parameters in NGC 3311, the central galaxy of the Hydra I cluster. NGC 3311 is a unique laboratory, characterized by old and metal-rich stars, that is similar to other massive ETGs for which the IMF slope has been measured to be bottom-heavy (i.e., dwarf-rich); however, it has unusual stellar velocity dispersion and {[}alpha/Fe] profiles, both of which increase with radius. Methods. We use the spatially resolved stellar population parameters (age, total metallicity, and {[}alpha/Fe]) that were derived in a forthcoming paper (Barbosa et al. 2020) - via the full-spectrum fitting of high signal-to-noise MUSE observations - to compare the IMF slope in the central part of NGC 3311 (R less than or similar to 16 kpc) against other stellar parameters, with the goal of assessing their relations and dependencies. Results. For NGC 3311, we unambiguously invalidate the previously observed direct correlation between the IMF slope and the local stellar velocity dispersion, confirming some doubts that had been raised in the literature. This relation may simply arise as a spatial coincidence between the region with the largest stellar velocity dispersion and the region where the oldest in situ population is found and dominates the light. We also show robust evidence that the proposed IMF-metallicity relation is contaminated by the degeneracy between these two parameters. We do confirm that the stellar content in the innermost region of NGC 3311 follows a bottom-heavy IMF, in line with other literature results. The tightest correlations we found are those between stellar age and the IMF and between the galactocentric radius and the IMF. Conclusions. The variation of the IMF at its low-mass end is not due to kinematical, dynamical, or global properties in NGC 3311. We speculate instead that the IMF might be dwarf-dominated in the ``red nuggets{''} that formed through a very short and intense star formation episode at high redshifts (z> 2) when the Universe was denser and richer in gas, and which then ended up being the central cores of today's giant ellipticals. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/24389-8 - Estudo espacialmente resolvido da função de massa inicial de galáxias próximas no infravermelho próximo com WIFIS
Beneficiário:Carlos Eduardo Barbosa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/12331-0 - Evolução de galáxias em diferentes meio ambientes usando cinemática e populações estelares espacialmente resolvidas
Beneficiário:Carlos Eduardo Barbosa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/51680-6 - Explorando o universo: da formação de galáxias aos planetas tipo-Terra, com o Telescópio Gigante Magellan
Beneficiário:Laerte Sodré Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Projetos Especiais
Processo FAPESP: 09/54006-4 - Um cluster de computadores para o Departamento de Astronomia do IAG-USP e para o Núcleo de Astrofísica da UNICSUL
Beneficiário:Elisabete Maria de Gouveia Dal Pino
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários