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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biochemical biomarkers in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after short-term exposure to diesel oil, pure biodiesel and biodiesel blends

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Nogueira, Lilian [1] ; Madeira Sanches, Ana Leticia [1] ; Humberto da Silva, Danilo Gruenig [1] ; Ferrizi, Vitor Cid [1] ; Moreira, Altair Benedito [1] ; de Almeida, Eduardo Alves [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista IBILCE UNESP, Dept Quim & Ciencias Ambientais, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Chemosphere; v. 85, n. 1, p. 97-105, SEP 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

Fossil fuels such as diesel are being gradually replaced by biodiesel, a renewable energy source, cheaper and less polluting. However, little is known about the toxic effects of this new energy source on aquatic organisms. Thus, we evaluated biochemical biomarkers related to oxidative stress in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after two and seven exposure days to diesel and pure biodiesel (B100) and blends B5 and B20 at concentrations of 0.01 and 0.1 mL L(-1). The hepatic ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity was highly induced in all groups, except for those animals exposed to B100. There was an increase in lipid peroxidation in liver and gills in the group exposed to the higher concentration of B5. All treatments caused a significant increase in the levels of 1-hydroxypyrene excreted in the bile after 2 and 7 d, except for those fish exposed to B100. The hepatic glutathione-S-transferase increased after 7 d in animals exposed to the higher concentration of diesel and in the gill of fish exposed to the higher concentration of pure diesel and B5, but decreased for the two tested concentrations of B100. Superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase also presented significant changes according to the treatments for all groups, including B100. Biodiesel B20 in the conditions tested had fewer adverse effects than diesel and B5 for the Nile tilapia, and can be suggested as a less harmful fuel in substitution to diesel. However, even B100 could activate biochemical responses in fish, at the experimental conditions tested, indicating that this fuel can also represent a risk to the aquatic biota. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/03873-1 - Estudo de variações bioquímicas em tilápias, como biomarcadores de contaminação ambiental
Beneficiário:Eduardo Alves de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 08/07449-5 - Estudo comparativo do estresse oxidativo entre tilápias (Oreochromis niloticus) e cascudos (Pterygoplichthys anisitsi) expostos a óleo diesel e a biodiesel
Beneficiário:Lilian Nogueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado