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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Biochemical biomarkers in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after short-term exposure to diesel oil, pure biodiesel and biodiesel blends

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Nogueira, Lilian [1] ; Madeira Sanches, Ana Leticia [1] ; Humberto da Silva, Danilo Gruenig [1] ; Ferrizi, Vitor Cid [1] ; Moreira, Altair Benedito [1] ; de Almeida, Eduardo Alves [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista IBILCE UNESP, Dept Quim & Ciencias Ambientais, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Chemosphere; v. 85, n. 1, p. 97-105, SEP 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 20

Fossil fuels such as diesel are being gradually replaced by biodiesel, a renewable energy source, cheaper and less polluting. However, little is known about the toxic effects of this new energy source on aquatic organisms. Thus, we evaluated biochemical biomarkers related to oxidative stress in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after two and seven exposure days to diesel and pure biodiesel (B100) and blends B5 and B20 at concentrations of 0.01 and 0.1 mL L(-1). The hepatic ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity was highly induced in all groups, except for those animals exposed to B100. There was an increase in lipid peroxidation in liver and gills in the group exposed to the higher concentration of B5. All treatments caused a significant increase in the levels of 1-hydroxypyrene excreted in the bile after 2 and 7 d, except for those fish exposed to B100. The hepatic glutathione-S-transferase increased after 7 d in animals exposed to the higher concentration of diesel and in the gill of fish exposed to the higher concentration of pure diesel and B5, but decreased for the two tested concentrations of B100. Superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase also presented significant changes according to the treatments for all groups, including B100. Biodiesel B20 in the conditions tested had fewer adverse effects than diesel and B5 for the Nile tilapia, and can be suggested as a less harmful fuel in substitution to diesel. However, even B100 could activate biochemical responses in fish, at the experimental conditions tested, indicating that this fuel can also represent a risk to the aquatic biota. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/07449-5 - Oxidative stress in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and armoured catfish (Pterygoplychtis anisitsi) exposed to diesel oil: a comparative study
Grantee:Lilian Nogueira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master