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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The use of oxygen consumption and ammonium excretion to evaluate the toxicity of cadmium on Farfantepenaeus paulensis with respect to salinity

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Barbieri, Edison [1] ; Paes, Eduardo Tavares [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Pesca APTA SAA SP, BR-11990000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rural Amazonia, Inst Socioambiental & Recursos Hidricos ISARH, Belem, Para - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Chemosphere; v. 84, n. 1, p. 9-16, JUN 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 26
Resumo

The main purpose of the present study was to detect the acute toxicity of cadmium (Cd) in F. paulensis and to investigate its effect on oxygen consumption and ammonium excretion different salinities. First, we examined the acute toxicity of Cd in F. paulensis at 24, 48, 72, and 96-h lethal concentration (LC50). Cd was significantly more toxic at 5 salinity than at 20 and 36. The oxygen consumption and ammonium excretion were estimated through experiments performed on each of the twelve possible combinations of three salinities (36, 20 and 5), at temperature 20 degrees C. Cd showed a reduction in oxygen consumption at 5 salinity, the results show that the oxygen consumption decreases with respect to the Cd concentration. At the highest Cd concentration employed (2 mg L(-1)), the salinity 5 and the temperature at 20 degrees C, oxygen consumption decreases 53.7% in relation to the control. In addition, after separate exposure to Cd, elevation in ammonium excretion was obtained, wish were 72%, 65% and 95% higher than the control, respectively. The results show that Cd is more toxic to F. paulensis at lower salinities. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/50147-7 - Efeito do zinco e cádmio sobre o camarão rosa (Farfantepenaeus paulensis Pérez-Farfante, 1967, Decapoda, Peneidae, Crustacea), em três temperaturas e salinidade diferentes
Beneficiário:Edison Barbieri
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular