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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Floral Preferences and Climate Influence in Nectar and Pollen Foraging by Melipona rufiventris Lepeletier (Hymenoptera: Meliponini) in Ubatuba, Sao Paulo State, Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Fidalgo, Adriana de O. [1] ; Kleinert, Astrid de M. P. [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Bot, Secao Sementes & Melhoramento Vegetal, BR-04301012 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, Lab Abelhas, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Neotropical Entomology; v. 39, n. 6, p. 879-884, NOV-DEC 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

We describe the environment effects on the amount and quality of resources collected by Melipona rufiventris Lepeletier in the Atlantic Forest at Ubatuba city, Sao Paulo state, Brazil (44 degrees 48 ` W, 23 degrees 22 ` S). Bees carrying pollen and/or nectar were captured at nest entrances during 5 min every hour, from sunrise to sunset, once a month. Pollen loads were counted and saved for acetolysis. Nectar was collected, the volume was determined and the total dissolved solids were determined by refractometer. Air temperature, relative humidity and light intensity were also registered. The number of pollen loads reached its maximum value between 70% and 90% of relative humidity and 18 degrees C and 23 degrees C; for nectar loads this range was broader, 50-90% and 20-30 degrees C. The number of pollen loads increased as relative humidity rose (rs = 0.401; P < 0.01) and high temperatures had a strong negative influence on the number of pollen loads collected (rs = -0.228; P < 0.01). The number of nectar loads positively correlated with temperature (rs = 0.244; P < 0.01) and light intensity (rs = 0.414; P < 0.01). The percentage of total dissolved solids (TDS) on nectar loads positively correlated with temperature and light intensity (rs = 0.361; P < 0.01 and rs = 0.245; P < 0.01), negatively correlated with relative humidity (rs = -0.629; P < 0.01), and it increased along the day. Most nectar loads had TDS between 11% and 30%, with an average of 24.7%. The volume measures did not show any pattern. Important pollen sources were Sapindaceae, Anacardiaceae, Rubiaceae, Arecaceae, Solanaceae and Myrtaceae; nectar sources were Sapindaceae, Fabaceae, Rubiaceae, Arecaceae and Solanaceae. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 98/13147-8 - Interação entre abelhas dò gênero Melipona (Apidae, Meliponinae) e espécies dè Myrtaceae e Melastomataceae Èm floresta dè planície litorânea N‚O Sudeste do Brasil
Beneficiário:Adriana de Oliveira Fidalgo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado