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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Can the Deforestation Breeze Change the Rainfall in Amazonia? A Case Study for the BR-163 Highway Region

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Autor(es):
Saad, Sandra I. [1] ; da Rocha, Humberto R. [1] ; Silva Dias, Maria A. F. [1] ; Rosolem, Rafael [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geophys & Atmospher Sci IAG, Dept Atmospher Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Earth Interactions; v. 14, NOV 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

The authors simulated the effects of Amazonian mesoscale deforestation in the boundary layer and in rainfall with the Brazilian Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (BRAMS) model. They found that both the area and shape (with respect to wind incidence) of deforestation and the soil moisture status contributed to the state of the atmosphere during the time scale of several weeks, with distinguishable patterns of temperature, humidity, and rainfall. Deforestation resulted in the development of a three-dimensional thermal cell, the so-called deforestation breeze, slightly shifted downwind to large-scale circulation. The boundary layer was warmer and drier above 1000-m height and was slightly wetter up to 2000-m height. Soil wetness affected the circulation energetics proportionally to the soil dryness (for soil wetness below similar to 0.6). The shape of the deforestation controlled the impact on rainfall. The horizontal strips lined up with the prevailing wind showed a dominant increase in rainfall, significant up to about 60 000 km(2). On the other hand, in the patches aligned in the opposite direction (north-south), there was both increase and decrease in precipitation in two distinct regions, as a result of clearly separated upward and downward branches, which caused the precipitation to increase for patches up to 15 000 km(2). The authors' estimates for the size of deforestation impacting the rainfall contributed to fill up the low spatial resolution in other previous studies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58120-3 - Carbon tracker and water availability controls of land use and climate changes
Beneficiário:Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 05/57829-0 - Relações entre a extensão e forma do desmatamento e os impactos na precipitação: um estudo de caso para a Rodovia Cuiabá-Santarém
Beneficiário:Sandra Isay Saad
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 02/09289-9 - Interação biosfera-atmosfera - Fase 2: cerrados e mudanças de uso da terra
Beneficiário:Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático