Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

High-yield kraft pulping of Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden biotreated by Ceriporiopsis subvermispora under two different culture conditions

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Vicentim, Marcos Paulo [1] ; Faria, Robson de Almeida [1] ; Ferraz, Andre [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Engn Lorena, BR-12602810 Lorena, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HOLZFORSCHUNG; v. 63, n. 4, p. 408-413, JUL 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

In the present study, it was evaluated how two different culture conditions for the biotreatment of Eucalyptus grandis by Ceriporiopsis subvermispora affect a subsequent high-yield kraft pulping process. Under the varied culture conditions investigated, different extracellular enzyme activities were observed. Manganese-peroxidase (MnP) secretion was 3.7 times higher in cultures supplemented with glucose plus corn-steep liquor (glucose/CSL) as compared to non-supplemented (NS) cultures. The biotreated samples underwent diverse levels of wood component degradation as losses of weight and lignin were increased in glucose/CSL cultures. Mass balances for lignin removal during kraft pulping showed that delignification was facilitated when both biotreated wood samples were cooked. Delignification efficiency did not correlate positively with MnP levels in the cultures. On the other hand, biopulps from NS and glucose/CSL cultures saved 27% and 38% beating time to achieve 288 Schopper-Riegler freeness during refining, respectively. Biopulps disposed of decreased tensile and tear resistances, thus easier refining of the biokraft pulps seems to be a consequence of less resistant fiber walls. Improved beatability of biopulps was tentatively related to short fibers and fines formation during refining. We suggest that to some extent polysaccharide depolymerization occurred during the biotreatment, which also resulted in diminished pulp yields in the case of glucose/CSL cultures. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/05349-7 - Expressão diferenciada de enzimas ligninolíticas durante a biodegradação de madeira por Ceriporiopsis subvermispora e resposta da madeira biotratada a processos posteriores de polpação
Beneficiário:Marcos Paulo Vicentim
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto