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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of frugivore impoverishment and seed predators on the recruitment of a keystone palm

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Fadini, Rodrigo F. [1, 2] ; Fleury, Marina [1, 3] ; Donatti, Camila I. [4] ; Galetti, Mauro [1, 4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ecol, Lab Biol Conservacao, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] INPA, BR-69011970 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Ciencias Biol, Lab Ecol & Restauracao Florestal, BR-13418900 Piraciciaba - Brazil
[4] Stanford Univ, Dept Biol, Stanford, CA 94305 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACTA OECOLOGICA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY; v. 35, n. 2, p. 188-196, MAR-APR 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 30
Resumo

Many plant species are threatened as a result of extinction of their large-bodied frugivores all over the world. Additionally, introduced herbivores and seed predators may cause severe pressure on early stages of plant recruitment. We studied the seed dispersal and seed predation of the keystone palm Euterpe edulis on a land-bridge island with a highly impoverished frugivore fauna and overabundant seed predators, and in a continuous Atlantic forest in Brazil. While the diversity of avian seed dispersers and predators was higher on the mainland, the abundance of seed dispersers was 4-fold higher on the island. Turdus flavipes was responsible for 72% and 96% of seeds removed in the island and mainland, respectively. However, the higher density of T. flaviceps on the island did not result in higher seed removal. In fact, seed removal rate was 1.7 times lower there than on the mainland, probably due to the aggressive behavior of the major seed disperser who defend palm fruits. Seed predation, on the other hand, was markedly higher on the island, where nearly 100% of seeds were preyed upon, but only 0.3% on the mainland. As a consequence of higher seed predation the population of E. edulis has few numbers of seedlings and saplings on the island. Therefore, management of the seed predator populations on the island is a key priority for recovering the natural population of this keystone palm and the frugivores that depend on its fruits. (C) 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 01/14463-5 - Diagnóstico das populações de aves e mamíferos cinegéticos nas unidades de conservação da Mata Atlântica de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 04/13230-5 - A importância das interações mutualistas e antagônicas entre plantas e animais na regeneração de uma Floresta Pluvial Atlântica
Beneficiário:Marina Huete Fleury
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 01/10300-4 - Padrões de frugivoria e dispersão de sementes de palmeiras na Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 05/55093-7 - A importância das interações ecológicas entre plantas e animais e a regeneração de uma Floresta Pluvial Atlântica
Beneficiário:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular