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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Clinical and Molecular Analysis of Thyroid Hypoplasia: A Population-Based Approach in Southern Brazil

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Autor(es):
Ramos, Helton E. [1, 2, 3] ; Nesi-Franca, Suzana [2, 3, 4] ; Boldarine, Valter T. [1] ; Pereira, Rosana M. [4] ; Chiamolera, Maria Izabel [1] ; Camacho, Cleber P. [1] ; Graf, Hans [2, 3] ; de Lacerda, Luiz [2, 3] ; Carvalho, Gisah A. [2, 3] ; Maciel, Rui M. B. [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Mol Endocrinol Lab, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol, BR-04039032 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Parana, Div Endocrinol & Metab, BR-80060000 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Parana, Pediat Endocrinol Unit, BR-80060000 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[4] Neonatal Screening Program Fundacao Ecumen Protec, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: THYROID; v. 19, n. 1, p. 61-68, JAN 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 30
Resumo

Background: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is mainly due to developmental abnormalities leading to thyroid dysgenesis (TD). TD encompasses very distinct morphologic subtypes of disease. This study examined and compared the phenotype in TD variants and searched for genetic alterations in sporadic thyroid hypoplasia (TH), the most misdiagnosed form of CH. This was a longitudinal study over a 14-year period (1990-2004). Methods: A continuous series of 353 children with TD was identified using thyroid function tests {[}thyroxine (T4) and TSH], scintigraphy, and ultrasound as diagnostic tools. Individual phenotypes were analyzed in 253 children with TD. Mutations in the most likely candidate genes were studied in 35 cases of TH. Results: The overall birth prevalence of permanent CH was 1:4795. Ectopy represented 37% of all cases of permanent primary CH, dyshormonogenesis 28%, agenesis 24%, hypoplasia 10%, and hemiagenesis 1%. The lowest screening T4 level and the highest TSH level were in the agenetic group, followed by TH. The TH group had an improvement in the thyroid function showing less-severe phenotype with aging. In the molecular analysis, one patient was identified with a mutation in the PAX8 gene (155G>C; R52P); four patients had a heterozygous G>C substitution in position -569; two patients showed a (234C>A; P52T) or (2181C>G; D727E) polymorphic variants of the TSH-R gene; and one patient presented a novel heterozygous nonsynonymous substitution, 293G>A; S98N, in the NKX2.5 gene. Conclusions: The prevalence of CH was within the previously reported range of 1:3000-4000. Ectopy was the most common etiology. Clinical analysis revealed distinct hormonal patterns in TH subgroup when compared with other variants of TD, with genetic abnormalities identified only in few cases in the TSH-R, PAX8, and NKX2.5 genes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/54950-6 - Disgenesia tiroidiana: estudo clínico, pesquisa molecular dos genes candidatos TITF1, PAX8, FOXE1, NKx2-5 e TSHR e estudos funcionais em 601 pacientes com hipotiroidismo congênito
Beneficiário:Rui Monteiro de Barros Maciel
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular