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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

alpha(1)-Adrenoceptors in proximal segments of tail arteries from control and reserpinised rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Kamikihara, Susana Y. [1] ; Mueller, Andre [1] ; Lima, Vanessa [1] ; Akinaga, Juliana [1] ; Nojimoto, Fernanda D. [1] ; Castilho, Anthony [2] ; Buratini, Jr., Jose [2] ; Pupo, Andre S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Pharmacol, BR-18618000 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Physiol, BR-18618000 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERGS ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY; v. 376, n. 1-2, p. 117-126, OCT 2007.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

It has been recently shown that the supersensitivity of distal segments of the rat tail artery to phenylephrine after chemical sympathectomy with reserpine results from the appearance of alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors. It is known that both alpha(1A)- and alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors are involved in the contractions of proximal portions of the rat tail artery. Therefore, this study investigated whether sympathectomy with reserpine would induce supersensitivity in proximal segments of the rat tail artery, a tissue in which alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors are already functional. Proximal segments of tail arteries from reserpinised rats were three- to sixfold more sensitive to phenylephrine and methoxamine than were arteries from control rats (n=6-2; p<0.05). The imidazolines N-{[}5-(4,5-Dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-2-hydroxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphth alen-1-yl]methanesulfonamide hydrobromide (A-61603) and oxymetazoline, which activate selectively alpha(1A)-adrenoceptors, were equipotent in tail arteries from control and reserpinised rats (n=4-2; p<0.05), whereas buspirone, which activates selectively alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor, was approximate to 4-fold more potent in tail arteries from reserpinised rats (n=4-6; p<0.05). Prazosin (nonselective) and 5- methylurapidil (alpha(1A)- selective), were competitive antagonists of contractions induced by phenylephrine and were equipotent in tail arteries from control and reserpinised rats (n=4-6). The selective alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor antagonist 8{[} 2-{[}4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-8-azaspiro{[}4.5]decane-7, 9-dione dihydrochloride (BMY-7378) presented similar complex antagonism in tail arteries from control and reserpinised rats, with Schild slopes much lower than 1.0 (p<0.05, n=4-6). Semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) revealed that mRNA encoding alpha(1A)- and alpha(1B)-adrenoceptors are similarly distributed in tail arteries from control and reserpinised rats, whereas mRNA for alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors is twice more abundant in the tail artery from reserpinised rats. In conclusion, the supersensitivity induced by reserpine is related only to alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors, even in tissues where this receptor subtype is already present and functional. Only the use of subtype-selective alpha(1)-adrenoceptor agonists detected the increased alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor component after reserpinisation, as the antagonists behaved similarly in tail arteries from control and reserpinised rats. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/10315-4 - Farmacologia e bioquímica molecular dos receptores adrenérgicos alfa 1D
Beneficiário:André Sampaio Pupo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular