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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Increased corticosterone levels in mice subjected to the rat exposure test

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Autor(es):
Santana Amaral, Vanessa Cristiane [1, 2] ; Gomes, Karina Santos [3, 1, 4] ; Nunes-de-Souza, Ricardo Luiz [3, 1, 4, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP, Lab Neuropsicofarmacol, BR-14801902 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, Convenio UFSCAR, Programa Interinst Posgrad Ciencias Fisiol, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Neurociencias & Comportamento INeC, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] USP, Programa Posgrad Psicobiol, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Hormones and Behavior; v. 57, n. 2, p. 128-133, FEB 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

In recent years, there has been a notable interest in studying prey-predator relationships to develop rodent-based models for the neurobehavioral aspects of stress and emotion. However, despite the growing use of transgenic mice and results showing important differences in the behavioral responses of rats and mice, little research has been conducted regarding the responses of mice to predators. The rat exposure test (RET), a recently developed and behaviorally validated prey-predator (mouse-rat)-based model, has proven to be a useful tool in evaluating the defensive responses of mice facing rats. To further validate the RET, we investigated the endocrine and behavioral responses of mice exposed to this apparatus. We first constructed a plasma corticosterone secretion curve in mice exposed to a rat or to an empty cage (control). Rat-exposed mice showed a pronounced rise in corticosterone levels that peaked 15 min from the beginning of the predator exposure. The corticosterone levels and behavioral responses of mice exposed to a rat or to a toy in the RET apparatus were then measured. We observed high plasma corticosterone levels along with clear avoidance behaviors represented by decreases in tunnel and surface area exploration and increases in risk assessment behaviors and freezing. This strongly suggests that the test elicits a repertoire of behavioral responses compatible with an aversion state and indicates that it is a promising model for the evaluation of prey-predator interactions. However, more physiological, neurochemical, and pharmacological studies are needed to further validate the test. (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/03705-0 - Neurobiologia do medo e do stress
Beneficiário:Marcus Lira Brandão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático