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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

CNO and F abundances in the barium star HD 123396

Texto completo
Alves-Brito, A. [1, 2] ; Karakas, A. I. [3] ; Yong, D. [3] ; Melendez, J. [4] ; Vasquez, S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Dept Astron & Astrofis, Santiago - Chile
[2] Swinburne Univ Technol, Ctr Astrophys & Supercomp, Hawthorn, Vic 3122 - Australia
[3] Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Astron & Astrophys, Weston, ACT 2611 - Australia
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, IAG, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 536, DEC 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 12

Context. Barium stars are moderately rare, chemically peculiar objects, which are believed to be the result of the pollution of an otherwise normal star by material from an evolved companion on the asymptotic giant branch (AGB). Aims. We aim to derive carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine abundances for the first time from the infrared spectra of the barium red giant star HD 123396 to quantitatively test AGB nucleosynthesis models for producing barium stars via mass accretion. Methods. High-resolution and high S/N infrared spectra were obtained using the Phoenix spectrograph mounted at the Gemini South telescope. The abundances were obtained through spectrum synthesis of individual atomic and molecular lines, using the MOOG stellar line analysis program, together with Kurucz's stellar atmosphere models. The analysis was classical, using 1D stellar models and spectral synthesis under the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium. Results. We confirm that HD 123396 is a metal-deficient barium star ({[}Fe/H] = -1.05), with A(C) = 7.88, A(N) = 6.65, A(O) = 7.93, and A(Na) = 5.28 on a logarithmic scale where A(H) = 12, leading to {[}(C+N)/Fe] approximate to 0.5. The A(CNO) group, as well as the A(Na) abundances, is in excellent agreement with those previously derived for this star using high-resolution optical data. We also found A(F) = 4.16, which implies {[}F/O] = 0.39, a value that is substantially higher than the F abundances measured in globular clusters of a similar metallicity, noting that there are no F measurements in field stars of comparable metallicity. Conclusions. The observed abundance pattern of the light elements (CNO, F, and Na) recovered here as well as the heavy elements (s-process) studied elsewhere suggest that the surface composition of HD 123396 is well fitted by the predicted abundance pattern of a 1.5 M-circle dot AGB model star with Z = 0.001. Thus, the AGB mass transfer hypothesis offers a quantitatively viable framework. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/50930-6 - Evolução química e populações estelares galácticas e extragalácticas, por espectroscopia e imageamento
Beneficiário:Beatriz Leonor Silveira Barbuy
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático