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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Impaired beta-cell-beta-cell coupling mediated by Cx36 gap junctions in prediabetic mice

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Carvalho, C. P. F. [1] ; Oliveira, R. B. ; Britan, A. [2] ; Santos-Silva, J. C. [3] ; Boschero, A. C. [3] ; Meda, P. [2] ; Collares-Buzato, C. B. [4]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biosci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Geneva, Sch Med, Dept Cell Physiol & Metab, CH-1211 Geneva - Switzerland
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Physiol & Biophys, BR-1303970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Histol & Embryol, UNICAMP, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM; v. 303, n. 1, p. E144-E151, JUL 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 36
Resumo

Carvalho CP, Oliveira RB, Britan A, Santos-Silva JC, Boschero AC, Meda P, Collares-Buzato CB. Impaired beta-cell-beta-cell coupling mediated by Cx36 gap junctions in prediabetic mice. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 303: E144-E151, 2012. First published May 8, 2012; doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00489.2011.-Gap junctional intercellular communication between beta-cells is crucial for proper insulin biosynthesis and secretion. The aim of this work was to investigate the expression of connexin (Cx) 36 at the protein level as well as the function and structure of gap junctions (GJ) made by this protein in the endocrine pancreas of prediabetic mice. C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat (HF) or regular chow diet for 60 days. HF-fed mice became obese and prediabetic, as shown by peripheral insulin resistance, moderate hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and compensatory increase in endocrine pancreas mass. Compared with control mice, prediabetic animals showed a significant decrease in insulin-secretory response to glucose and displayed a significant reduction in islet Cx36 protein. Ultrastructural analysis further showed that prediabetic mice had GJ plaques about one-half the size of those of the control group. Microinjection of isolated pancreatic islets with ethidium bromide revealed that prediabetic mice featured a beta-cell-beta-cell coupling 30% lower than that of control animals. We conclude that beta-cell-beta-cell coupling mediated by Cx36 made-channels is impaired in prediabetic mice, suggesting a role of Cx36-dependent cell-to-cell communication in the pathogenesis of the early beta-cell dysfunctions that lead to type 2-diabetes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/52824-1 - Proliferação e diferenciação da célula B pancreática em modelos animais de resistência periférica à insulina: envolvimento da via de sinalização Wnt/beta-catenina
Beneficiário:Carla Beatriz Collares Buzato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/50789-1 - Papel do contato célula-célula mediado pelas junções intercelulares no processo de maturação e disfunção das células beta do pâncreas
Beneficiário:Carla Beatriz Collares Buzato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 06/50758-3 - Estudo in vivo e in vitro da importância da comunicação celular no mecanismo de secreção de insulina do pâncreas endócrino de ratos e camundongos normais e diabéticos
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Boschiero
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular