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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Impaired beta-cell-beta-cell coupling mediated by Cx36 gap junctions in prediabetic mice

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Carvalho, C. P. F. [1] ; Oliveira, R. B. ; Britan, A. [2] ; Santos-Silva, J. C. [3] ; Boschero, A. C. [3] ; Meda, P. [2] ; Collares-Buzato, C. B. [4]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biosci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Geneva, Sch Med, Dept Cell Physiol & Metab, CH-1211 Geneva - Switzerland
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Physiol & Biophys, BR-1303970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Histol & Embryol, UNICAMP, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 36

Carvalho CP, Oliveira RB, Britan A, Santos-Silva JC, Boschero AC, Meda P, Collares-Buzato CB. Impaired beta-cell-beta-cell coupling mediated by Cx36 gap junctions in prediabetic mice. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 303: E144-E151, 2012. First published May 8, 2012; doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00489.2011.-Gap junctional intercellular communication between beta-cells is crucial for proper insulin biosynthesis and secretion. The aim of this work was to investigate the expression of connexin (Cx) 36 at the protein level as well as the function and structure of gap junctions (GJ) made by this protein in the endocrine pancreas of prediabetic mice. C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat (HF) or regular chow diet for 60 days. HF-fed mice became obese and prediabetic, as shown by peripheral insulin resistance, moderate hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and compensatory increase in endocrine pancreas mass. Compared with control mice, prediabetic animals showed a significant decrease in insulin-secretory response to glucose and displayed a significant reduction in islet Cx36 protein. Ultrastructural analysis further showed that prediabetic mice had GJ plaques about one-half the size of those of the control group. Microinjection of isolated pancreatic islets with ethidium bromide revealed that prediabetic mice featured a beta-cell-beta-cell coupling 30% lower than that of control animals. We conclude that beta-cell-beta-cell coupling mediated by Cx36 made-channels is impaired in prediabetic mice, suggesting a role of Cx36-dependent cell-to-cell communication in the pathogenesis of the early beta-cell dysfunctions that lead to type 2-diabetes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/52824-1 - Pancreatic B-cell proliferation and differentiation in animal models of insulin resistance: involvement of the Wnt/beta-catenina signaling pathway
Grantee:Carla Beatriz Collares Buzato
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/50789-1 - Role of cell-cell contacts mediated by intercellular junctions and their constitutive proteins in the functional maturation and dysfunction of pancreatic beta cells
Grantee:Carla Beatriz Collares Buzato
Support type: Regular Research Grants