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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

beta-Actin-binding Complementarity-determining Region 2 of Variable Heavy Chain from Monoclonal Antibody C7 Induces Apoptosis in Several Human Tumor Cells and Is Protective against Metastatic Melanoma

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Arruda, Denise C. [1] ; Santos, Luana C. P. [1] ; Melo, Filipe M. [1] ; Pereira, Felipe V. [1] ; Figueiredo, Carlos R. [1] ; Matsuo, Alisson L. [1, 2] ; Mortara, Renato A. [3] ; Juliano, Maria A. [4] ; Rodrigues, Elaine G. [1] ; Dobroff, Andrey S. [5] ; Polonelli, Luciano [6] ; Travassos, Luiz R. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Unidade Oncol Expt UNONEX, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Recepta Biopharma, BR-04533014 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Div Parasitol, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Biophys, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Texas MD Anderson Canc Ctr, David H Koch Ctr, Houston, TX 77030 - USA
[6] Univ Parma, I-43121 Parma - Italy
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Biological Chemistry; v. 287, n. 18, p. 14912-14922, APR 27 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 25

Complementarity-determining regions (CDRs) from monoclonal antibodies tested as synthetic peptides display anti-infective and antitumor activities, independent of the specificity of the native antibody. Previously, we have shown that the synthetic peptide C7H2, based on the heavy chain CDR 2 from monoclonal antibody C7, a mAb directed to a mannoprotein of Candida albicans, significantly reduced B16F10 melanoma growth and lung colony formation by triggering tumor apoptosis. The mechanism, however, by which C7H2 induced apoptosis in tumor cells remained unknown. Here, we demonstrate that C7H2 interacts with components of the tumor cells cytoskeleton, being rapidly internalized after binding to the tumor cell surface. Mass spectrometry analysis and in vitro validation revealed that beta-actin is the receptor of C7H2 in the tumor cells. C7H2 induces beta-actin polymerization and F-actin stabilization, linked with abundant generation of superoxide anions and apoptosis. Major phenotypes following peptide binding were chromatin condensation, DNA fragmentation, annexin V binding, lamin disruption, caspase 8 and 3 activation, and organelle alterations. Finally, we evaluated the cytotoxic efficacy of C7H2 in a panel of human tumor cell lines. All tumor cell lines studied were equally susceptible to C7H2 in vitro. The C7H2 amide without further derivatization significantly reduced lung metastasis of mice endovenously challenged with B16F10-Nex2 melanoma cells. No significant cytotoxicity was observed toward nontumorigenic cell lines on short incubation in vitro or in naive mice injected with a high dose of the peptide. We believe that C7H2 is a promising peptide to be developed as an anticancer drug. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/50634-2 - Peptídeos e peptidases: atividades biológicas em doenças infecciosas e câncer
Beneficiário:Luiz Rodolpho Raja Gabaglia Travassos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/51423-0 - Peptídeos bioativos e peptidases: atividades biológicas e imunobiológicas em doenças infecciosas e no câncer
Beneficiário:Luiz Rodolpho Raja Gabaglia Travassos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático