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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Hox Gene Expression Leads to Differential Hind Leg Development between Honeybee Castes

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Autor(es):
Bomtorin, Ana Durvalina [1] ; Barchuk, Angel Roberto [2] ; Moda, Livia Maria [1] ; Paulino Simoes, Zila Luz [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Genet, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Alfenas, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Dept Biol Celular Tecidual & Desenvolvimento, Alfenas, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 7, n. 7 JUL 25 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Beyond the physiological and behavioural, differences in appendage morphology between the workers and queens of Apis mellifera are pre-eminent. The hind legs of workers, which are highly specialized pollinators, deserve special attention. The hind tibia of worker has an expanded bristle-free region used for carrying pollen and propolis, the corbicula. In queens this structure is absent. Although the morphological differences are well characterized, the genetic inputs driving the development of this alternative morphology remain unknown. Leg phenotype determination takes place between the fourth and fifth larval instar and herein we show that the morphogenesis is completed at brown-eyed pupa. Using results from the hybridization of whole genome-based oligonucleotide arrays with RNA samples from hind leg imaginal discs of pre-pupal honeybees of both castes we present a list of 200 differentially expressed genes. Notably, there are castes preferentially expressed cuticular protein genes and members of the P450 family. We also provide results of qPCR analyses determining the developmental transcription profiles of eight selected genes, including abdominal-A, distal-less and ultrabithorax (Ubx), whose roles in leg development have been previously demonstrated in other insect models. Ubx expression in workers hind leg is approximately 25 times higher than in queens. Finally, immunohistochemistry assays show that Ubx localization during hind leg development resembles the bristles localization in the tibia/basitarsus of the adult legs in both castes. Our data strongly indicate that the development of the hind legs diphenism characteristic of this corbiculate species is driven by a set of caste-preferentially expressed genes, such as those encoding cuticular protein genes, P450 and Hox proteins, in response to the naturally different diets offered to honeybees during the larval period. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/03926-5 - Genômica funcional de Apis mellifera: busca de novos genes e redes funcionais no contexto do desenvolvimento, da diferenciação de castas e da reprodução
Beneficiário:Zilá Luz Paulino Simões
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 04/08868-0 - Consolidação do Centro de Microscopia Funcional do Campus da USP/ Ribeirão Preto
Beneficiário:Roy Edward Larson
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 09/05675-0 - Expressão gênica diferencial e indução de caracteres morfológicos em Apis mellifera
Beneficiário:Ana Durvalina Bomtorin
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/03171-5 - Análise causal do desenvolvimento de Apis mellifera - genes reguladores e redes hierárquicas de expressão gênica na especificação de tecidos e órgãos
Beneficiário:Zilá Luz Paulino Simões
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático