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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Seasonal patterns in the foraging ecology of the harvester ant Pogonomyrmex naegelii (Formicidae, Myrmicinae) in a Neotropical savanna: daily rhythms, shifts in granivory and carnivory, and home range

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Autor(es):
Belchior, Ceres [1] ; Del-Claro, Kleber [1] ; Oliveira, Paulo S. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Uberlandia PGECRN, Lab Ecol Comportamental & Interacoes, Inst Biol, BR-38400058 Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ARTHROPOD-PLANT INTERACTIONS; v. 6, n. 4, p. 571-582, DEC 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

The temporal dynamics of foraging, diet, and use of space is essential to understand the ecology of harvester ants. Here, we present an account of the foraging ecology of Pogonomyrmex naegelii in Brazilian cerrado savanna. Nests occur on bare ground and contain 166-580 workers (N = 3 colonies). Colony activity is unimodal year-round and peaks around the middle of the day. Foragers leave the nest independently and individually search for food in all directions. Ants ventured up to 15 m from nests, with most foraging occurring within 2 m of nests. Colonies tended to have larger home ranges in the dry/cold (April-September) than in the wet/warm season (October-March). P. naegelii has a generalist and season-dependent diet comprised of many seed species and arthropod prey, and pieces of plant and animal matter. Foragers collected seeds from 34 plant species, predominantly grasses (genera Gymnopogon, Axonopus, Aristida). Over 6,700 seeds can be stored in nest granaries. Ants and termites were the main animal prey retrieved by P. naegelii. The proportion of seeds and arthropods foraged by P. naegelii changes year-round: in the dry/cold season, the diet is predominantly granivorous, whereas in the wet/warm season, seeds and arthropods are retrieved in more balanced proportions. Although food availability was not assessed, year-round diet of P. naegelii matches the pattern of seasonal abundance of grass seeds and arthropod prey in cerrado. Data on harvester ants come mostly from arid habitats; this study is a first assessment of the ecology of a Neotropical Pogonomyrmex from a moderately moist savanna environment. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/18580-8 - Estudos sobre formigas neotropicais: interações com insetos herbívoros, ecologia comportamental e organização social
Beneficiário:Paulo Sergio Moreira Carvalho de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular