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Anthelmintic activity of carvacryl acetate against Schistosoma mansoni

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Autor(es):
de Moraes, Josue [1, 2] ; Leite Carvalho, Aline A. [2] ; Nakano, Eliana [1] ; Cardoso de Almeida, Antonia Amanda [3] ; da Costa Marques, Thiago Henrique [4] ; Andrade, Luciana Nalone [5] ; de Freitas, Rivelilson Mendes [3, 4] ; de Sousa, Damiao Pergentino [5]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Butantan Inst, Parasitol Lab, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Municipal Hlth Dept Sao Paulo, SUVIS Casa Verde, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Piaui, Postgrad Program Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Biochem & Pharmacol, Teresina, Piaui - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Piaui, Postgrad Program Biotechnol RENORBIO, Teresina, Piaui - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Pharm, Sao Cristovao, Sergipe - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Parasitology Research; v. 112, n. 2, p. 603-610, FEB 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 29
Resumo

Blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma are the causative agents of human schistosomiasis, a debilitating disease that afflicts over 200 million people worldwide. Praziquantel is the drug of choice but concerns over praziquantel resistance have renewed interest in the search for alternative drug therapies. Carvacrol, a naturally occurring monoterpene phenol and food additive, has been shown high medicinal importance, including antimicrobials activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro effect of carvacryl acetate, a derivative of carvacrol, on Schistosoma mansoni adult worms. We demonstrated that carvacryl acetate at 6.25 mu g/mL has antischistosomal activity, affecting parasite motility and viability. Additionally, confocal laser scanning microscopy pictures revealed morphological alterations on the tegumental surface of worms, where some tubercles appeared to be swollen with numerous small blebs emerging from the tegument around the tubercles. Furthermore, experiments performed using carvacryl acetate at sub-lethal concentrations (ranging from 1.562 to 6.25 mu g/mL) showed an inhibitory effect on the daily egg output of paired adult worms. Thus, carvacryl acetate is toxic at high doses, while at sub-lethal doses, it significantly interferes with the reproductive fitness of S. mansoni adult worms. Due to its safety and wide use in the industry, carvacryl acetate is a promising natural product-derived compound and it may represent a step forward in the search for novel anthelmintic agents, at a time when there is an urgent need for novel drugs. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 00/11624-5 - Embriologia de Gastropoda: análise em microscopia de varredura laser confocal
Beneficiário:Toshie Kawano
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 06/56216-8 - Effect of plant extracts on Biomphalaria glabrata, vector of schistosomiasis, and on Schistosoma mansoni
Beneficiário:Toshie Kawano
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular